Afghanistan Population clock (live)

22-01-2019 20:36:22
36,195,078
Current population
18,724,640
Current male population (51.7%)
17,470,438
Current female population (48.3%)
77,217
Births this year
3,174
Births today
18,556
Deaths this year
763
Deaths today
6,785
Net migration this year
279
Net migration today
65,446
Population growth this year
2,690
Population growth today

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .



Quick facts about the population of Afghanistan


Current population (as of Tuesday, January 22 2019)
36,192,388
Total area
652,230 km2 (251,827 mi2)
Population density
55.5 per km2 (143.7 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
1.07 (18,724,640 men to 17,470,438 women)
Median age
17.3 years
Life expectancy
45.0 years (44.8 - men, 45.3 - women)
Literacy
38.2 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)

Afghanistan population 2019

During 2019 Afghanistan population is projected to increased by 1,090,754 people and reach 37,220,386 in the beginning of 2020. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 977,668. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be increased by 113,086 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who move into Afghanistan (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants) will prevail over the number of people who leave the country to settle permanently in another country (emigrants).

Population change rates in 2019

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Afghanistan population in 2019 will be the following:

The population of Afghanistan will be increased by 2,988 persons daily in 2019.

Demographics of Afghanistan 2018

As of 1 January 2019, the population of Afghanistan was estimated to be 36,129,632 people. This is an increase of 3.02 % (1,058,789 people) compared to population of 35,070,843 the year before. In 2018 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 949,017. Due to external migration, the population increased by 109,772. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.070 (1,070 males per 1 000 females) which is higher than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2018.

Below are the key figures for Afghanistan population in 2018:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2019

Afghanistan population density

Afghanistan population density is 55.4 people per square kilometer (143.5/mi2) as of January 2019. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Afghanistan divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Afghanistan. The total area of Afghanistan is 652,230 km2 (251,827 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Religion in Afghanistan

ReligionNumber of followersPercentage of total population
Islam36,156,19699.9
Christianity36,1920.1

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World’s Major Religious Groups as of 2010 external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Tuesday, January 22 2019).

Afghanistan age structure

As of the beginning of 2019 according to our estimates Afghanistan had the following population age distribution:

42.3 55.3 2.4

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Afghanistan population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Afghanistan age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Afghanistan is 80.9 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Afghanistan must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 80.9 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Afghanistan is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Afghanistan is 76.5 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Afghanistan is 4.4 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Afghanistan age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Afghanistan is 45 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 44.8 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 45.3 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 8,007,098 persons or 38.39% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Afghanistan are able to read and write. Accordingly about 12,848,010 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 51.99% (5,546,693 persons). 5,121,665 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 24.15% (2,460,406 persons). 7,726,344 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 69.59% and 46.33% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 58.21%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Afghanistan population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Afghanistan historical population (1951 - 2019)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Afghanistan population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19517,795,772N/A %
19527,887,1121.17 %
19537,986,5551.26 %
19548,094,1751.35 %
19558,210,0311.43 %
19568,334,1671.51 %
19578,466,6111.59 %
19588,607,3811.66 %
19598,756,4881.73 %
19608,913,9601.80 %
19619,079,8691.86 %
19629,254,3591.92 %
19639,437,6641.98 %
19649,630,1002.04 %
19659,832,0022.10 %
196610,042,1002.14 %
196710,258,7212.16 %
196810,484,1952.20 %
196910,724,6502.29 %
197010,985,3042.43 %
197111,266,9592.56 %
197211,564,8592.64 %
197311,869,7052.64 %
197412,169,0342.52 %
197512,449,2542.30 %
197612,707,1582.07 %
197712,943,9301.86 %
197813,139,5231.51 %
197913,252,9130.86 %
198013,247,346-0.04 %
198113,104,168-1.08 %
198212,831,962-2.08 %
198312,473,048-2.80 %
198412,095,803-3.02 %
198511,771,504-2.68 %
198611,534,724-2.01 %
198711,388,441-1.27 %
198811,356,850-0.28 %
198911,492,0601.19 %
199011,837,9613.01 %
199112,428,4724.99 %
199213,267,5026.75 %
199314,285,0017.67 %
199415,347,1697.44 %
199516,321,2456.35 %
199617,127,1614.94 %
199717,757,9653.68 %
199818,272,8052.90 %
199918,774,9502.75 %
200019,370,1803.17 %
200120,116,5503.85 %
200221,009,1204.44 %
200321,997,2244.70 %
200423,003,6094.58 %
200523,949,8994.11 %
200624,791,7823.52 %
200725,530,5802.98 %
200826,203,1432.63 %
200926,868,0162.54 %
201027,584,7492.67 %
201128,385,6872.90 %
201229,267,9853.11 %
201330,204,6523.20 %
201431,155,0033.15 %
201532,077,0342.96 %
201633,045,4403.02 %
201734,043,0823.02 %
201835,070,8433.02 %
201936,129,6323.02 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Population projection (2020-2100)

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
202038,054,945N/A %
202542,388,39511.39 %
203046,699,54010.17 %
203550,907,5489.01 %
204054,914,1327.87 %
204558,614,3106.74 %
205061,928,1245.65 %
205564,833,8744.69 %
206067,307,3053.82 %
206569,312,2452.98 %
207070,828,5622.19 %
207571,835,1871.42 %
208072,324,4430.68 %
208572,356,2700.04 %
209071,993,318-0.50 %
209571,316,116-0.94 %
210070,409,619-1.27 %

The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link