Benin Population clock (live)

12,218,652
Current population
6,029,329
Current male population (49.3%)
6,189,323
Current female population (50.7%)
378,931
Births this year
156
Births today
98,973
Deaths this year
41
Deaths today
-2,068
Net migration this year
-1
Net migration today
277,890
Population growth this year
114
Population growth today

13-11-2019 02:06:59

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .



Quick facts about the population of Benin

Current population (as of Wednesday, November 13, 2019)
12,218,537
Population rank
78 (0.16% of world population)
Total area
112,622 km2 (43,484 mi2)
Population density
108.5 per km2 (281.0 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
0.97 (6,029,329 men to 6,189,323 women)
Median age
18.2 years
Life expectancy
59.8 years (58.6 - men, 61.1 - women)
Literacy
38.4 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)

Benin population 2019

During 2019 Benin population is projected to increase by 320,848 people and reach 12,261,610 in the beginning of 2020. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 323,236. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 2,388 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Benin to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2019

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Benin population in 2019 will be the following:

The population of Benin will be increasing by 879 persons daily in 2019.

Demographics of Benin 2018

As of 1 January 2019, the population of Benin was estimated to be 11,940,762 people. This is an increase of 2.69 % (312,453 people) compared to population of 11,628,309 the year before. In 2018 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 314,778. Due to external migration, the population declined by 2,326. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.970 (970 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2018.

Below are the key figures for Benin population in 2018:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2019

Benin population density

Benin population density is 106.0 people per square kilometer (274.6/mi2) as of November 2019. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Benin divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Benin. The total area of Benin is 112,622 km2 (43,484 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Religion in Benin

Religion Number of followers Percentage of
total population
Christianity6,475,82553.0 %
Islam2,920,23023.9 %
Folk or traditional religions2,211,55518.1 %
Religiously Unaffiliated610,9275.0 %

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Wednesday, November 13 2019).

Benin age structure

As of the beginning of 2019 according to our estimates Benin had the following population age distribution:

44.7 52.6 2.7

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Benin population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Benin age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Benin is 90.1 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Benin must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 90.1 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Benin is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Benin is 85 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Benin is 5.1 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Benin age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Benin is 59.8 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations). external link

Male life expectancy at birth is 58.6 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 61.1 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 2,537,550 persons or 38.44% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Benin are able to read and write. Accordingly about 4,064,378 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 49.87% (1,625,297 persons). 1,633,575 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 27.29% (912,253 persons). 2,430,803 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 62.59% and 42.5% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 52.55%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Benin population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Benin historical population (1951 - 2019)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Benin population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19512,256,635N/A %
19522,261,2140.20 %
19532,269,2540.36 %
19542,280,6780.50 %
19552,295,4050.65 %
19562,313,3580.78 %
19572,334,4570.91 %
19582,358,6221.04 %
19592,385,7781.15 %
19602,415,8571.26 %
19612,448,8111.36 %
19622,484,6171.46 %
19632,523,2841.56 %
19642,564,8491.65 %
19652,609,3611.74 %
19662,656,8711.82 %
19672,707,4161.90 %
19682,761,0011.98 %
19692,817,6022.05 %
19702,877,2112.12 %
19712,939,8552.18 %
19723,005,6212.24 %
19733,074,6872.30 %
19743,147,3112.36 %
19753,223,7532.43 %
19763,304,2302.50 %
19773,388,8822.56 %
19783,477,7662.62 %
19793,570,8902.68 %
19803,668,2672.73 %
19813,770,1152.78 %
19823,876,7812.83 %
19833,988,3542.88 %
19844,104,6602.92 %
19854,225,6162.95 %
19864,350,8572.96 %
19874,480,2932.97 %
19884,615,7563.02 %
19894,760,8083.14 %
19904,918,7563.32 %
19915,091,8983.52 %
19925,280,3763.70 %
19935,480,3233.79 %
19945,684,6073.73 %
19955,886,2263.55 %
19966,080,9883.31 %
19976,268,8103.09 %
19986,453,8972.95 %
19996,643,4922.94 %
20006,844,9293.03 %
20017,062,1393.17 %
20027,294,8283.29 %
20037,540,2133.36 %
20047,794,2393.37 %
20058,052,5793.31 %
20068,313,0403.23 %
20078,575,6773.16 %
20088,840,5813.09 %
20099,107,2543.02 %
20109,375,3902.94 %
20119,644,5952.87 %
20129,914,5922.80 %
201310,186,0122.74 %
201410,460,3572.69 %
201510,739,1562.67 %
201611,027,7172.69 %
201711,324,0322.69 %
201811,628,3092.69 %
201911,940,7622.69 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Population projection (2020-2100)

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
202012,122,982N/A %
202513,809,46113.91 %
203015,628,43813.17 %
203517,568,23212.41 %
204019,613,94211.64 %
204521,741,58010.85 %
205023,929,85810.06 %
205526,161,4119.33 %
206028,413,0988.61 %
206530,667,6067.93 %
207032,890,3497.25 %
207535,058,1956.59 %
208037,145,1775.95 %
208539,135,9055.36 %
209041,007,7394.78 %
209542,739,5844.22 %
210044,325,0193.71 %

The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link