Benin Population clock (live)

12,375,087
Current population
6,106,522
Current male population (49.3%)
6,268,565
Current female population (50.7%)
123,524
Births year to date
208
Births today
32,263
Deaths year to date
54
Deaths today
-674
Net migration year to date
-1
Net migration today
90,586
Population growth year to date
152
Population growth today

11-04-2021 03:02:19

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

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Please note that the population clock above does not reflect actual migration situation due to movement restrictions.



Quick facts about the population of Benin

Current population (as of Sunday, April 11, 2021)
12,374,935
Population rank
77 (0.16% of world population)
Total area
112,622 km2 (43,484 mi2)
Population density
109.9 per km2 (284.6 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
0.97 (6,106,522 men to 6,268,565 women)
Median age
18.2 years
Life expectancy
59.8 years (58.6 - men, 61.1 - women)
Literacy
38.4 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters based on the latest United Nations data)

Benin population 2021

During 2021 Benin population is projected to increase by 330,085 people and reach 12,614,586 in the beginning of 2022. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 332,541. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 2,457 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Benin to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2021

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Benin population in 2021 will be the following:

The population of Benin will be increasing by 904 persons daily in 2021.

Demographics of Benin 2020

As of 1 January 2021, the population of Benin was estimated to be 12,284,501 people. This is an increase of 2.69 % (321,447 people) compared to population of 11,963,054 the year before. In 2020 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 323,840. Due to external migration, the population declined by 2,393. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.974 (974 males per 1,000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1,016 males to 1,000 females as of 2020.

Below are the key figures for Benin population in 2020:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2021

Benin population density

Benin population density is 109.1 people per square kilometer (282.5/mi2) as of April 2021. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Benin divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Benin. The total area of Benin is 112,622 km2 (43,484 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Religion in Benin

Religion Number of followers Percentage of
total population
Christianity6,558,71653.0 %
Islam2,957,60923.9 %
Folk or traditional religions2,239,86318.1 %
Religiously Unaffiliated618,7475.0 %

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Sunday, April 11 2021).

Benin age structure

As of the beginning of 2021 according to our estimates Benin had the following population age distribution:

44.7 52.6 2.7

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Benin population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Benin age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Benin is 90.1 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Benin must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 90.1 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Benin is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Benin is 85 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Benin is 5.1 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Benin age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Benin is 59.8 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations). external link

Male life expectancy at birth is 58.6 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 61.1 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 2,610,599 persons or 38.44% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Benin are able to read and write. Accordingly about 4,181,379 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 49.87% (1,672,085 persons). 1,680,601 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 27.29% (938,514 persons). 2,500,778 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 62.59% and 42.5% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 52.55%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Benin population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Benin historical population (1951 - 2021)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Benin population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19512,256,862N/A %
19522,261,6860.21 %
19532,269,7130.35 %
19542,280,9830.50 %
19552,295,5510.64 %
19562,313,3750.78 %
19572,334,4750.91 %
19582,358,6891.04 %
19592,385,9101.15 %
19602,415,9591.26 %
19612,448,8821.36 %
19622,484,5331.46 %
19632,523,0451.55 %
19642,564,5301.64 %
19652,609,3521.75 %
19662,657,4651.84 %
19672,708,9521.94 %
19682,763,6022.02 %
19692,821,3652.09 %
19702,881,7512.14 %
19712,944,7202.19 %
19723,010,2522.23 %
19733,078,9102.28 %
19743,150,8502.34 %
19753,226,6102.40 %
19763,306,3922.47 %
19773,390,6622.55 %
19783,479,0612.61 %
19793,571,6152.66 %
19803,668,1102.70 %
19813,769,0672.75 %
19823,874,3642.79 %
19833,984,2902.84 %
19844,098,6992.87 %
19854,218,1612.91 %
19864,342,0212.94 %
19874,470,4202.96 %
19884,604,4293.00 %
19894,747,0373.10 %
19904,899,9063.22 %
19915,064,6953.36 %
19925,241,1493.48 %
19935,427,5643.56 %
19945,618,7793.52 %
19955,810,6703.42 %
19966,000,4283.27 %
19976,188,7283.14 %
19986,376,7353.04 %
19996,567,9853.00 %
20006,765,5753.01 %
20016,972,2033.05 %
20027,186,9633.08 %
20037,408,9033.09 %
20047,635,9063.06 %
20057,867,0673.03 %
20068,100,5222.97 %
20078,336,8192.92 %
20088,576,5142.88 %
20098,821,8322.86 %
20109,073,0302.85 %
20119,331,1162.84 %
20129,595,7752.84 %
20139,868,0562.84 %
201410,146,8762.83 %
201510,432,5892.82 %
201610,724,8262.80 %
201711,024,8782.80 %
201811,331,3872.78 %
201911,644,3922.76 %
202011,963,0542.74 %
202112,284,5012.69 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Population projection (2020-2100)

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
202012,122,982N/A %
202513,809,46113.91 %
203015,628,43813.17 %
203517,568,23212.41 %
204019,613,94211.64 %
204521,741,58010.85 %
205023,929,85810.06 %
205526,161,4119.33 %
206028,413,0988.61 %
206530,667,6067.93 %
207032,890,3497.25 %
207535,058,1956.59 %
208037,145,1775.95 %
208539,135,9055.36 %
209041,007,7394.78 %
209542,739,5844.22 %
210044,325,0193.71 %

The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link