Bosnia and Herzegovina Population clock (live)

3,286,281
Current population
1,579,521
Current male population (48.1%)
1,706,760
Current female population (51.9%)
2,041
Births year to date
75
Births today
2,304
Deaths year to date
84
Deaths today
-29
Net migration year to date
-1
Net migration today
-292
Population growth year to date
-11
Population growth today

25-01-2021 20:55:33

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

COVID-19 Notice!

Please note that the population clock above do not include deaths caused by COVID-19 virus. And does not reflect actual migration situation due to movement restrictions.



Quick facts about the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Current population (as of Monday, January 25, 2021)
3,286,292
Population rank
136 (0.04% of world population)
Total area
51,210 km2 (19,772 mi2)
Population density
64.2 per km2 (166.2 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
0.93 (1,579,521 men to 1,706,760 women)
Median age
41.0 years
Life expectancy
78.8 years (75.3 - men, 82.6 - women)
Literacy
98.5 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters based on the latest United Nations data)

Bosnia and Herzegovina population 2021

During 2021 Bosnia and Herzegovina population is projected to decrease by -4,273 people and reach 3,282,300 in the beginning of 2022. The number of deaths will exceed the number of live births by 3,845, so the natural increase is expected to be negative. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 427 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Bosnia and Herzegovina to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2021

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Bosnia and Herzegovina population in 2021 will be the following:

The population of Bosnia and Herzegovina will be declining by 12 persons daily in 2021.

Demographics of Bosnia and Herzegovina 2020

As of 1 January 2021, the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina was estimated to be 3,286,573 people. This is a decrease of -0.13 % (-4,278 people) compared to population of 3,290,851 the year before. In 2020 the natural increase was negative, as the number of deaths exceeded the number of live births by 3,850. Due to external migration, the population declined by 428. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.925 (925 males per 1,000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1,016 males to 1,000 females as of 2020.

Below are the key figures for Bosnia and Herzegovina population in 2020:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2021

Bosnia and Herzegovina population density

Bosnia and Herzegovina population density is 64.2 people per square kilometer (166.2/mi2) as of January 2021. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Bosnia and Herzegovina divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The total area of Bosnia and Herzegovina is 51,210 km2 (19,772 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Religion in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Religion Number of followers Percentage of
total population
Christianity1,718,73152.3 %
Islam1,485,40445.2 %
Religiously Unaffiliated82,1572.5 %

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Monday, January 25 2021).

Bosnia and Herzegovina age structure

As of the beginning of 2021 according to our estimates Bosnia and Herzegovina had the following population age distribution:

14 71 15

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Bosnia and Herzegovina population pyramid has a contracting type. This type of pyramid is more common for highly developed countries with low birth and death rates. Usually countries with such kind of population age distribution model have long life expectancy, high level of education and good health care.

Source: The estimation data for section "Bosnia and Herzegovina age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Bosnia and Herzegovina is 40.9 %.

The value of 40.9 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Bosnia and Herzegovina must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Bosnia and Herzegovina is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Bosnia and Herzegovina is 19.7 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Bosnia and Herzegovina is 21.1 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Bosnia and Herzegovina age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Bosnia and Herzegovina is 78.8 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations). external link

Male life expectancy at birth is 75.3 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 82.6 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 2,783,586 persons or 98.49% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Bosnia and Herzegovina are able to read and write. Accordingly about 42,800 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 99.55% (1,372,392 persons). 6,259 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 97.48% (1,411,194 persons). 36,541 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 99.66% and 99.64% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99.65%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Bosnia and Herzegovina population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Bosnia and Herzegovina historical population (1951 - 2021)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Bosnia and Herzegovina population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19512,686,177N/A %
19522,737,8301.92 %
19532,793,2412.02 %
19542,850,3102.04 %
19552,907,8072.02 %
19562,964,9451.96 %
19573,021,8361.92 %
19583,078,6461.88 %
19593,136,2841.87 %
19603,195,5931.89 %
19613,257,3931.93 %
19623,321,1821.96 %
19633,385,6651.94 %
19643,448,4541.85 %
19653,507,5481.71 %
19663,561,3411.53 %
19673,609,8431.36 %
19683,654,1801.23 %
19693,696,6351.16 %
19703,739,1831.15 %
19713,783,0951.17 %
19723,828,3451.20 %
19733,874,3951.20 %
19743,919,9251.18 %
19753,963,8401.12 %
19764,005,2991.05 %
19774,044,3850.98 %
19784,081,9240.93 %
19794,119,7440.93 %
19804,159,4450.96 %
19814,201,3401.01 %
19824,244,0061.02 %
19834,286,7211.01 %
19844,329,3530.99 %
19854,371,5210.97 %
19864,414,2100.98 %
19874,457,9000.99 %
19884,494,5710.82 %
19894,508,6340.31 %
19904,485,438-0.51 %
19914,415,984-1.55 %
19924,301,126-2.60 %
19934,155,671-3.38 %
19944,007,148-3.57 %
19953,882,346-3.11 %
19963,796,557-2.21 %
19973,750,128-1.22 %
19983,735,197-0.40 %
19993,738,8830.10 %
20003,747,2860.22 %
20013,753,3630.16 %
20023,757,4670.11 %
20033,760,7950.09 %
20043,763,1920.06 %
20053,764,7680.04 %
20063,765,3770.02 %
20073,764,096-0.03 %
20083,758,503-0.15 %
20093,745,028-0.36 %
20103,720,586-0.65 %
20113,683,143-1.01 %
20123,632,919-1.36 %
20133,573,529-1.63 %
20143,512,103-1.72 %
20153,455,517-1.61 %
20163,407,695-1.38 %
20173,368,756-1.14 %
20183,337,618-0.92 %
20193,312,369-0.76 %
20203,290,851-0.65 %
20213,286,573-0.13 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Population projection (2020-2100)

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
20203,498,213N/A %
20253,456,351-1.20 %
20303,404,782-1.49 %
20353,336,401-2.01 %
20403,251,182-2.55 %
20453,155,717-2.94 %
20503,058,147-3.09 %
20552,964,033-3.08 %
20602,873,163-3.07 %
20652,781,521-3.19 %
20702,687,595-3.38 %
20752,592,971-3.52 %
20802,501,570-3.52 %
20852,416,820-3.39 %
20902,340,926-3.14 %
20952,274,810-2.82 %
21002,217,035-2.54 %

The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link