Brunei Darussalam Population clock (live)

452,965
Current population
228,747
Current male population (50.5%)
224,218
Current female population (49.5%)
1,126
Births this year
18
Births today
201
Deaths this year
3
Deaths today
70
Net migration this year
1
Net migration today
995
Population growth this year
16
Population growth today

24-02-2020 20:31:28

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .



Quick facts about the population of Brunei Darussalam

Current population (as of Monday, February 24, 2020)
452,949
Population rank
175 (0.01% of world population)
Total area
5,770 km2 (2,228 mi2)
Population density
78.5 per km2 (203.3 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
1.02 (228,747 men to 224,218 women)
Median age
30.0 years
Life expectancy
76.2 years (73.9 - men, 78.5 - women)
Literacy
96.4 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)

Brunei Darussalam population 2020

During 2020 Brunei Darussalam population is projected to increase by 6,617 people and reach 458,587 in the beginning of 2021. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 6,151. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be increased by 466 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who move into Brunei Darussalam (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants) will prevail over the number of people who leave the country to settle permanently in another country (emigrants).

Population change rates in 2020

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Brunei Darussalam population in 2020 will be the following:

The population of Brunei Darussalam will be increasing by 18 persons daily in 2020.

Demographics of Brunei Darussalam 2019

As of 1 January 2020, the population of Brunei Darussalam was estimated to be 451,970 people. This is an increase of 1.46 % (6,521 people) compared to population of 445,449 the year before. In 2019 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 6,063. Due to external migration, the population increased by 459. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.020 (1,020 males per 1 000 females) which is higher than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2019.

Below are the key figures for Brunei Darussalam population in 2019:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2020

Brunei Darussalam population density

Brunei Darussalam population density is 78.3 people per square kilometer (202.9/mi2) as of February 2020. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Brunei Darussalam divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Brunei Darussalam. The total area of Brunei Darussalam is 5,770 km2 (2,228 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Religion in Brunei Darussalam

Religion Number of followers Percentage of
total population
Islam340,16575.1 %
Christianity42,5779.4 %
Buddhism38,9548.6 %
Folk or traditional religions28,0836.2 %
Religiously Unaffiliated1,8120.4 %
Hinduism1,3590.3 %

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Monday, February 24 2020).

Brunei Darussalam age structure

As of the beginning of 2020 according to our estimates Brunei Darussalam had the following population age distribution:

25.5 70.9 3.5

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Brunei Darussalam population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Brunei Darussalam age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Brunei Darussalam is 41 %.

The value of 41 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Brunei Darussalam must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Brunei Darussalam is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Brunei Darussalam is 36 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Brunei Darussalam is 5 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Brunei Darussalam age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Brunei Darussalam is 76.2 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations). external link

Male life expectancy at birth is 73.9 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 78.5 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 324,332 persons or 96.38% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Brunei Darussalam are able to read and write. Accordingly about 12,169 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 97.69% (162,590 persons). 3,853 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 95.11% (161,742 persons). 8,316 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 99.5% and 99.72% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99.6%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Brunei Darussalam population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Brunei Darussalam historical population (1951 - 2020)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Brunei Darussalam population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
195149,486N/A %
195252,4525.99 %
195355,4455.71 %
195458,5315.57 %
195561,7535.50 %
195665,1305.47 %
195768,6625.42 %
195872,3275.34 %
195976,0895.20 %
196079,9075.02 %
196183,7564.82 %
196287,6454.64 %
196391,6274.54 %
196495,7924.55 %
1965100,2294.63 %
1966104,9884.75 %
1967110,0654.84 %
1968115,4284.87 %
1969121,0264.85 %
1970126,8024.77 %
1971132,7234.67 %
1972138,7764.56 %
1973144,9524.45 %
1974151,2314.33 %
1975157,5974.21 %
1976164,0414.09 %
1977170,5553.97 %
1978177,0923.83 %
1979183,5723.66 %
1980189,9223.46 %
1981196,0973.25 %
1982202,0993.06 %
1983207,9972.92 %
1984213,9132.84 %
1985219,9712.83 %
1986226,2342.85 %
1987232,6992.86 %
1988239,3652.86 %
1989246,2442.87 %
1990253,3392.88 %
1991260,6522.89 %
1992268,1772.89 %
1993275,8532.86 %
1994283,5702.80 %
1995291,2172.70 %
1996298,7302.58 %
1997306,0982.47 %
1998313,3102.36 %
1999320,3432.24 %
2000327,1832.14 %
2001333,8142.03 %
2002340,2291.92 %
2003346,4701.83 %
2004352,6291.78 %
2005358,7951.75 %
2006365,0201.73 %
2007371,3051.72 %
2008377,6231.70 %
2009383,9331.67 %
2010390,1911.63 %
2011396,3731.58 %
2012402,4781.54 %
2013408,5061.50 %
2014414,4471.45 %
2015420,2911.41 %
2016426,4441.46 %
2017432,6871.46 %
2018439,0221.46 %
2019445,4491.46 %
2020451,9701.46 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Population projection (2020-2100)

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
2020444,514N/A %
2025468,7795.46 %
2030489,6634.45 %
2035506,8393.51 %
2040520,1982.64 %
2045530,0921.90 %
2050536,7251.25 %
2055539,8610.58 %
2060539,581-0.05 %
2065536,329-0.60 %
2070530,839-1.02 %
2075524,039-1.28 %
2080516,688-1.40 %
2085509,208-1.45 %
2090501,707-1.47 %
2095494,181-1.50 %
2100486,609-1.53 %

The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link