Burkina Faso Population clock (live)

17-01-2019 08:10:43
20,061,547
Current population
9,961,487
Current male population (49.7%)
10,100,060
Current female population (50.3%)
36,653
Births this year
856
Births today
8,948
Deaths this year
209
Deaths today
-1,331
Net migration this year
-31
Net migration today
26,375
Population growth this year
616
Population growth today

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Quick facts about the population of Burkina Faso


Current population (as of Thursday, January 17 2019)
20,060,931
Total area
274,000 km2 (105,792 mi2)
Population density
73.2 per km2 (189.6 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
0.99 (9,961,487 men to 10,100,060 women)
Median age
17.0 years
Life expectancy
53.7 years (51.8 - men, 55.7 - women)
Literacy
36.0 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)

Burkina Faso population 2019

During 2019 Burkina Faso population is projected to increased by 587,632 people and reach 20,622,804 in the beginning of 2020. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 617,284. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 29,652 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Burkina Faso to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2019

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Burkina Faso population in 2019 will be the following:

The population of Burkina Faso will be increased by 1,610 persons daily in 2019.

Demographics of Burkina Faso 2018

As of 1 January 2019, the population of Burkina Faso was estimated to be 20,035,172 people. This is an increase of 2.93 % (570,887 people) compared to population of 19,464,285 the year before. In 2018 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 599,695. Due to external migration, the population declined by 28,807. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.990 (990 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2018.

Below are the key figures for Burkina Faso population in 2018:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2019

Burkina Faso population density

Burkina Faso population density is 73.1 people per square kilometer (189.4/mi2) as of January 2019. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Burkina Faso divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Burkina Faso. The total area of Burkina Faso is 274,000 km2 (105,792 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Religion in Burkina Faso

ReligionNumber of followersPercentage of total population
Islam12,357,53361.6
Christianity4,513,70922.5
Religiously Unaffiliated100,3050.5

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World’s Major Religious Groups as of 2010 external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Thursday, January 17 2019).

Burkina Faso age structure

As of the beginning of 2019 according to our estimates Burkina Faso had the following population age distribution:

45.8 51.7 2.5

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Burkina Faso population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Burkina Faso age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Burkina Faso is 93.5 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Burkina Faso must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 93.5 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Burkina Faso is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Burkina Faso is 88.7 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Burkina Faso is 4.8 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Burkina Faso age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Burkina Faso is 53.7 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 51.8 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 55.7 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 3,916,898 persons or 36.09% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Burkina Faso are able to read and write. Accordingly about 6,935,352 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 43.03% (2,307,262 persons). 3,054,350 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 29.32% (1,609,635 persons). 3,881,003 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 47.56% and 43.24% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 45.43%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Burkina Faso population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Burkina Faso historical population (1951 - 2019)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Burkina Faso population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19514,304,475N/A %
19524,345,8150.96 %
19534,390,1701.02 %
19544,438,1841.09 %
19554,490,1601.17 %
19564,546,0491.24 %
19574,605,4481.31 %
19584,667,6481.35 %
19594,731,7111.37 %
19604,796,6861.37 %
19614,861,9351.36 %
19624,927,4521.35 %
19634,994,0721.35 %
19645,063,3551.39 %
19655,136,8811.45 %
19665,215,6161.53 %
19675,299,6921.61 %
19685,388,5301.68 %
19695,481,1061.72 %
19705,576,3851.74 %
19715,673,9881.75 %
19725,774,2751.77 %
19735,877,8291.79 %
19745,985,2661.83 %
19756,097,2961.87 %
19766,214,2931.92 %
19776,336,4871.97 %
19786,464,8792.03 %
19796,601,2402.11 %
19806,747,2502.21 %
19816,903,9992.32 %
19827,071,7072.43 %
19837,249,5822.52 %
19847,436,0762.57 %
19857,629,5782.60 %
19867,829,3012.62 %
19878,035,3832.63 %
19888,248,1912.65 %
19898,468,0662.67 %
19908,695,4292.68 %
19918,930,5622.70 %
19929,173,6032.72 %
19939,424,7952.74 %
19949,684,5302.76 %
19959,953,2312.77 %
199610,231,3432.79 %
199710,519,2952.81 %
199810,817,4372.83 %
199911,126,0552.85 %
200011,445,4802.87 %
200111,775,8422.89 %
200212,117,3622.90 %
200312,471,2902.92 %
200412,839,8182.96 %
200513,224,9843.00 %
200613,628,0623.05 %
200714,049,0993.09 %
200814,486,5073.11 %
200914,937,4343.11 %
201015,398,9613.09 %
201115,869,4593.06 %
201216,348,8323.02 %
201316,837,6842.99 %
201417,336,8762.96 %
201517,847,3842.94 %
201618,370,8482.93 %
201718,909,6652.93 %
201819,464,2852.93 %
201920,035,1722.93 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Population projection (2020-2100)

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
202020,903,348N/A %
202523,991,22414.77 %
203027,382,48914.14 %
203531,052,70913.40 %
204034,953,78812.56 %
204539,024,30611.65 %
205043,207,05810.72 %
205547,475,2049.88 %
206051,777,9959.06 %
206556,078,0638.30 %
207060,328,3817.58 %
207564,466,6076.86 %
208068,432,8906.15 %
208572,178,0985.47 %
209075,651,6394.81 %
209578,838,5684.21 %
210081,722,8703.66 %

The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link