China Population clock (live)

Current population
Current male population (51.9%)
Current female population (48.1%)
Births this year
Births today
Deaths this year
Deaths today
Net migration this year
Net migration today
Population growth this year
Population growth today

24-02-2020 20:16:49

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Quick facts about the population of China

Current population (as of Monday, February 24, 2020)
Population rank
1 (18.12% of world population)
Total area
9,598,089 km2 (3,705,843 mi2)
Population density
146.9 per km2 (380.4 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
1.08 (731,849,321 men to 677,770,049 women)
Median age
37.0 years
Life expectancy
74.7 years (72.7 - men, 76.9 - women)
96.4 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters ( based on the latest United Nations data)

China historical population (1951 - 2020)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

China population 2020

During 2020 China population is projected to increase by 7,267,996 people and reach 1,415,794,445 in the beginning of 2021. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 7,648,299. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 380,302 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave China to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2020

According to our estimations, daily change rates of China population in 2020 will be the following:

The population of China will be increasing by 19,912 persons daily in 2020.

Demographics of China 2019

As of 1 January 2020, the population of China was estimated to be 1,408,526,449 people. This is an increase of 0.52 % (7,230,686 people) compared to population of 1,401,295,763 the year before. In 2019 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 7,609,036. Due to external migration, the population declined by 378,350. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.080 (1,080 males per 1 000 females) which is higher than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2019.

Below are the key figures for China population in 2019:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2020

China population density

China population density is 146.8 people per square kilometer (380.1/mi2) as of February 2020. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of China divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of China. The total area of China is 9,598,089 km2 (3,705,843 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division external link.

With almost 9.6 millions km2 (3.7 millions sq.miles) of total surface area, China is the 4th largest country in the world after Russia, Canada and The United States of America. The population density of China is 4 times higher than The United States has with almost the same area. Despite the fact that China is the most populated country in the world, the density of its population is comparable with population densities of many Western Europe countries. For example, the United Kingdom population density is even twice higher compared to China.

Map of China administrative units by population density

Ethnic groups in China

There are 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the People's Republic of China. The Han Chinese people are the largest ethnic group according to the 2010 Census (91.51% of the total population). Today it is about 1,289,926,528 persons. Ethnic minorities constitute 8.49% or 119,675,186 assuming same share as in 2010.

Source: National Bureau of Statistics of China: China Statistical Yearbook 2011 external link.

Religions and beliefs in China

More than a half (52.2%) of the population in China do not identify themselves with any particular religion. China is the most concentrated place of religiously unaffiliated in the world - about 62% of world unaffiliated population. Another 21.9% are followers of the Chinese folk religion or Chinese popular religion, which includes Confucianism and Taoism (Daoism). About 18.2% are Buddhists, 5.1% are Christians, 1.8% are Muslims and 0.7% adhere to other religious organisations.

Religion / PhilosophyNumber of followersPercentage of total population
Religiously Unaffiliated735,812,09552.2 %
Chinese folk religion308,702,77521.9 %
Buddhism256,547,51218.2 %
Christianity71,889,6875.1 %
Islam25,372,8311.8 %
Other9,867,2120.7 %

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World’s Major Religious Groups as of 2010 external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Monday, February 24 2020).

Urbanization in China

China urbanization chart

The graph shows change of "Urbanization Ratio" - Urban population vs Rural population over last 55 years.

China age structure

As of the beginning of 2020 according to our estimates China had the following population age distribution:

17.6 73.6 8.9

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the China population pyramid has a contracting type. This type of pyramid is more common for highly developed countries with low birth and death rates. Usually countries with such kind of population age distribution model have long life expectancy, high level of education and good health care.

Source: The estimation data for section "China age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in China is 35.9 %.

The value of 35.9 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in China must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in China is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in China is 23.9 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in China is 12 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "China age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for China is 74.7 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations). external link

Male life expectancy at birth is 72.7 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 76.9 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 1,118,578,332 persons or 96.36% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in China are able to read and write. Accordingly about 42,230,570 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 98.17% (581,503,840 persons). 10,851,958 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 94.48% (537,074,493 persons). 31,378,611 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 99.74% and 99.71% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99.73%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "China population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

China population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
1951551,466,643N/A %
1952564,792,6642.42 %
1953575,825,7621.95 %
1954585,421,1861.67 %
1955594,265,0271.51 %
1956602,870,8831.45 %
1957611,579,8531.44 %
1958620,573,9041.47 %
1959629,902,5921.50 %
1960639,549,8651.53 %
1961649,537,6211.56 %
1962660,025,9151.61 %
1963671,379,7631.72 %
1964684,132,4041.90 %
1965698,761,4952.14 %
1966715,540,4902.40 %
1967734,427,8342.64 %
1968754,968,1522.80 %
1969776,380,9562.84 %
1970797,850,9782.77 %
1971818,939,2492.64 %
1972839,577,8882.52 %
1973859,631,4072.39 %
1974878,803,7922.23 %
1975896,856,6032.05 %
1976913,634,3221.87 %
1977929,121,3571.70 %
1978943,545,9161.55 %
1979957,346,2471.46 %
1980970,996,3051.43 %
1981984,695,6311.41 %
1982998,441,2021.40 %
19831,012,513,5251.41 %
19841,027,513,5241.48 %
19851,043,975,4911.60 %
19861,062,228,6931.75 %
19871,082,240,8571.88 %
19881,103,404,3821.96 %
19891,124,645,0171.93 %
19901,144,866,8911.80 %
19911,163,466,8021.62 %
19921,180,389,0311.45 %
19931,195,716,5931.30 %
19941,209,524,9891.15 %
19951,221,954,1521.03 %
19961,233,038,0660.91 %
19971,242,746,9970.79 %
19981,251,260,8550.69 %
19991,258,988,1090.62 %
20001,266,344,1120.58 %
20011,273,581,6800.57 %
20021,280,769,3630.56 %
20031,287,917,7130.56 %
20041,295,029,2600.55 %
20051,302,086,8310.54 %
20061,309,100,7540.54 %
20071,316,113,0370.54 %
20081,323,157,9170.54 %
20091,330,248,8500.54 %
20101,337,387,9000.54 %
20111,344,571,6080.54 %
20121,351,780,7150.54 %
20131,358,950,6060.53 %
20141,365,974,9650.52 %
20151,372,742,3070.50 %
20161,379,825,6570.52 %
20171,386,945,5570.52 %
20181,394,102,1960.52 %
20191,401,295,7630.52 %
20201,408,526,4490.52 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Population projection (2020-2100)

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
20201,424,548,268N/A %
20251,438,835,6921.00 %
20301,441,181,8190.16 %
20351,433,508,878-0.53 %
20401,417,472,817-1.12 %
20451,394,361,017-1.63 %
20501,364,456,729-2.14 %
20551,328,500,915-2.64 %
20601,288,706,549-3.00 %
20651,248,117,942-3.15 %
20701,208,908,828-3.14 %
20751,171,509,623-3.09 %
20801,135,754,215-3.05 %
20851,102,475,454-2.93 %
20901,072,518,595-2.72 %
20951,045,800,900-2.49 %
21001,020,665,209-2.40 %

The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link