Costa Rica Population clock (live)

5,050,155
Current population
2,563,496
Current male population (50.8%)
2,486,659
Current female population (49.2%)
65,937
Births this year
13
Births today
20,657
Deaths this year
4
Deaths today
3,661
Net migration this year
1
Net migration today
48,941
Population growth this year
9
Population growth today

15-11-2019 00:28:15

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .



Quick facts about the population of Costa Rica

Current population (as of Friday, November 15, 2019)
5,050,146
Population rank
124 (0.07% of world population)
Total area
51,100 km2 (19,730 mi2)
Population density
98.8 per km2 (256.0 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
1.03 (2,563,496 men to 2,486,659 women)
Median age
31.4 years
Life expectancy
77.7 years (75.1 - men, 80.5 - women)
Literacy
97.8 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)

Costa Rica population 2019

During 2019 Costa Rica population is projected to increase by 56,164 people and reach 5,057,378 in the beginning of 2020. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 51,963. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be increased by 4,201 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who move into Costa Rica (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants) will prevail over the number of people who leave the country to settle permanently in another country (emigrants).

Population change rates in 2019

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Costa Rica population in 2019 will be the following:

The population of Costa Rica will be increasing by 154 persons daily in 2019.

Demographics of Costa Rica 2018

As of 1 January 2019, the population of Costa Rica was estimated to be 5,001,214 people. This is an increase of 1.12 % (55,540 people) compared to population of 4,945,674 the year before. In 2018 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 51,386. Due to external migration, the population increased by 4,154. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.030 (1,030 males per 1 000 females) which is higher than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2018.

Below are the key figures for Costa Rica population in 2018:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2019

Costa Rica population density

Costa Rica population density is 97.9 people per square kilometer (253.5/mi2) as of November 2019. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Costa Rica divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Costa Rica. The total area of Costa Rica is 51,100 km2 (19,730 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Religion in Costa Rica

Religion Number of followers Percentage of
total population
Christianity4,590,58390.9 %
Religiously Unaffiliated398,9627.9 %
Folk or traditional religions40,4010.8 %
Other20,2010.4 %

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Friday, November 15 2019).

Costa Rica age structure

As of the beginning of 2019 according to our estimates Costa Rica had the following population age distribution:

24.6 69.1 6.4

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Costa Rica population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Costa Rica age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Costa Rica is 44.8 %.

The value of 44.8 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Costa Rica must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Costa Rica is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Costa Rica is 35.6 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Costa Rica is 9.2 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Costa Rica age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Costa Rica is 77.7 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations). external link

Male life expectancy at birth is 75.1 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 80.5 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 3,687,668 persons or 97.76% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Costa Rica are able to read and write. Accordingly about 84,648 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 97.69% (1,840,332 persons). 43,575 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 97.83% (1,847,336 persons). 41,073 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 99.22% and 99.43% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99.32%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Costa Rica population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Costa Rica historical population (1951 - 2019)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Costa Rica population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
1951972,824N/A %
19521,001,0172.90 %
19531,032,0493.10 %
19541,065,5513.25 %
19551,101,2493.35 %
19561,138,9693.43 %
19571,178,6323.48 %
19581,220,2483.53 %
19591,263,8903.58 %
19601,309,6363.62 %
19611,357,4813.65 %
19621,407,2523.67 %
19631,458,5483.65 %
19641,510,7743.58 %
19651,563,3303.48 %
19661,615,9073.36 %
19671,668,4503.25 %
19681,720,7913.14 %
19691,772,5933.01 %
19701,823,5942.88 %
19711,873,6202.74 %
19721,922,7072.62 %
19731,971,3962.53 %
19742,020,6622.50 %
19752,071,4952.52 %
19762,124,4512.56 %
19772,179,6102.60 %
19782,236,9402.63 %
19792,296,4312.66 %
19802,358,0092.68 %
19812,421,7182.70 %
19822,487,6452.72 %
19832,555,5482.73 %
19842,624,8522.71 %
19852,695,0022.67 %
19862,765,6092.62 %
19872,836,6002.57 %
19882,908,3872.53 %
19892,981,7572.52 %
19903,057,4742.54 %
19913,135,8242.56 %
19923,216,5592.57 %
19933,299,2342.57 %
19943,383,3492.55 %
19953,468,3092.51 %
19963,553,8292.47 %
19973,639,7292.42 %
19983,725,0472.34 %
19993,808,0472.23 %
20003,887,0882.08 %
20013,961,1251.90 %
20024,030,0041.74 %
20034,094,5891.60 %
20044,156,5051.51 %
20054,217,4411.47 %
20064,278,3171.44 %
20074,339,1281.42 %
20084,399,4861.39 %
20094,458,8841.35 %
20104,516,7671.30 %
20114,572,8801.24 %
20124,627,3181.19 %
20134,680,2911.14 %
20144,732,0201.11 %
20154,782,7281.07 %
20164,836,4381.12 %
20174,890,7511.12 %
20184,945,6741.12 %
20195,001,2141.12 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Population projection (2020-2100)

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
20205,044,180N/A %
20255,247,3454.03 %
20305,417,3803.24 %
20355,553,9452.52 %
20405,658,8871.89 %
20455,732,6401.30 %
20505,774,0680.72 %
20555,784,1900.18 %
20605,765,419-0.32 %
20655,723,100-0.73 %
20705,660,063-1.10 %
20755,576,991-1.47 %
20805,475,761-1.82 %
20855,363,135-2.06 %
20905,247,231-2.16 %
20955,134,443-2.15 %
21005,027,687-2.08 %

The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link