El Salvador Population clock (live)

6,203,990
Current population
2,943,845
Current male population (47.5%)
3,260,145
Current female population (52.5%)
94,208
Births this year
235
Births today
36,147
Deaths this year
90
Deaths today
-42,485
Net migration this year
-106
Net migration today
15,576
Population growth this year
39
Population growth today

13-11-2019 18:00:01

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .



Quick facts about the population of El Salvador

Current population (as of Wednesday, November 13, 2019)
6,203,951
Population rank
113 (0.08% of world population)
Total area
21,040 km2 (8,124 mi2)
Population density
294.9 per km2 (763.7 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
0.90 (2,943,845 men to 3,260,145 women)
Median age
25.8 years
Life expectancy
73.4 years (70.2 - men, 76.9 - women)
Literacy
88.4 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)

El Salvador population 2019

During 2019 El Salvador population is projected to increase by 17,946 people and reach 6,206,360 in the beginning of 2020. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 66,897. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 48,950 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave El Salvador to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2019

According to our estimations, daily change rates of El Salvador population in 2019 will be the following:

The population of El Salvador will be increasing by 49 persons daily in 2019.

Demographics of El Salvador 2018

As of 1 January 2019, the population of El Salvador was estimated to be 6,188,414 people. This is an increase of 0.29 % (17,895 people) compared to population of 6,170,519 the year before. In 2018 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 66,703. Due to external migration, the population declined by 48,809. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.900 (900 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2018.

Below are the key figures for El Salvador population in 2018:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2019

El Salvador population density

El Salvador population density is 294.1 people per square kilometer (761.8/mi2) as of November 2019. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of El Salvador divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of El Salvador. The total area of El Salvador is 21,040 km2 (8,124 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Religion in El Salvador

Religion Number of followers Percentage of
total population
Christianity5,471,88588.2 %
Religiously Unaffiliated682,43511.0 %
Folk or traditional religions31,0200.5 %
Other18,6120.3 %

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Wednesday, November 13 2019).

El Salvador age structure

As of the beginning of 2019 according to our estimates El Salvador had the following population age distribution:

30.6 63 6.4

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the El Salvador population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "El Salvador age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in El Salvador is 58.8 %.

What does this value mean? It shows that the dependent part of population is more than a half of the working part. It means that the working population (labor force) in El Salvador must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons (this population is more than a half of working population). The value of more than 50% shows that the pressure on productive population in El Salvador is relatively high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in El Salvador is 48.6 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in El Salvador is 10.2 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "El Salvador age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for El Salvador is 73.4 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations). external link

Male life expectancy at birth is 70.2 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 76.9 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 3,796,590 persons or 88.43% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in El Salvador are able to read and write. Accordingly about 496,498 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 90.71% (1,826,416 persons). 186,984 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 86.42% (1,970,175 persons). 309,513 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 97.49% and 97.89% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 97.69%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "El Salvador population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

El Salvador historical population (1951 - 2019)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

El Salvador population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19512,218,237N/A %
19522,257,4411.77 %
19532,301,4321.95 %
19542,349,7652.10 %
19552,402,1522.23 %
19562,458,4572.34 %
19572,518,7032.45 %
19582,583,0502.55 %
19592,651,7532.66 %
19602,725,0632.76 %
19612,803,0722.86 %
19622,885,5542.94 %
19632,971,8732.99 %
19643,061,0363.00 %
19653,152,0262.97 %
19663,244,1312.92 %
19673,337,0362.86 %
19683,430,6882.81 %
19693,525,1852.75 %
19703,620,6302.71 %
19713,716,9222.66 %
19723,813,6922.60 %
19733,910,3742.54 %
19744,006,2872.45 %
19754,100,7422.36 %
19764,193,3652.26 %
19774,284,0112.16 %
19784,372,2212.06 %
19794,457,1911.94 %
19804,538,2201.82 %
19814,614,8711.69 %
19824,687,1651.57 %
19834,755,8721.47 %
19844,822,3761.40 %
19854,888,1061.36 %
19864,953,7301.34 %
19875,019,2071.32 %
19885,084,7311.31 %
19895,150,8991.30 %
19905,218,1521.31 %
19915,286,8291.32 %
19925,356,8591.32 %
19935,426,9881.31 %
19945,494,9231.25 %
19955,558,3781.15 %
19965,616,0531.04 %
19975,667,8320.92 %
19985,714,1880.82 %
19995,755,8680.73 %
20005,793,7480.66 %
20015,828,2870.60 %
20025,859,5200.54 %
20035,887,6150.48 %
20045,913,0090.43 %
20055,936,1480.39 %
20065,957,3810.36 %
20075,976,9850.33 %
20085,995,3070.31 %
20096,012,7840.29 %
20106,029,8370.28 %
20116,046,7570.28 %
20126,063,7210.28 %
20136,080,9390.28 %
20146,098,6750.29 %
20156,117,1450.30 %
20166,134,8850.29 %
20176,152,6760.29 %
20186,170,5190.29 %
20196,188,4140.29 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Population projection (2020-2100)

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
20206,479,060N/A %
20256,641,0742.50 %
20306,785,5882.18 %
20356,886,8431.49 %
20406,961,5191.08 %
20456,996,9490.51 %
20506,997,4100.01 %
20556,967,758-0.42 %
20606,906,036-0.89 %
20656,809,913-1.39 %
20706,680,506-1.90 %
20756,519,021-2.42 %
20806,326,911-2.95 %
20856,108,374-3.45 %
20905,873,823-3.84 %
20955,635,783-4.05 %
21005,404,072-4.11 %

The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link