Eritrea Population clock (live)

3,610,195
Current population
1,779,309
Current male population (49.3%)
1,830,886
Current female population (50.7%)
19,094
Births year to date
89
Births today
3,753
Deaths year to date
17
Deaths today
-3,514
Net migration year to date
-16
Net migration today
11,827
Population growth year to date
55
Population growth today

25-02-2021 05:10:18

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

COVID-19 Notice!

Please note that the population clock above do not include deaths caused by COVID-19 virus. And does not reflect actual migration situation due to movement restrictions.



Quick facts about the population of Eritrea

Current population (as of Thursday, February 25, 2021)
3,610,140
Population rank
133 (0.05% of world population)
Total area
117,600 km2 (45,406 mi2)
Population density
30.7 per km2 (79.5 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
0.97 (1,779,309 men to 1,830,886 women)
Median age
18.9 years
Life expectancy
62.5 years (60.4 - men, 64.7 - women)
Literacy
73.8 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters based on the latest United Nations data)

Eritrea population 2021

During 2021 Eritrea population is projected to increase by 78,121 people and reach 3,676,489 in the beginning of 2022. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 101,330. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 23,209 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Eritrea to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2021

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Eritrea population in 2021 will be the following:

The population of Eritrea will be increasing by 214 persons daily in 2021.

Demographics of Eritrea 2020

As of 1 January 2021, the population of Eritrea was estimated to be 3,598,368 people. This is an increase of 2.17 % (76,461 people) compared to population of 3,521,907 the year before. In 2020 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 99,177. Due to external migration, the population declined by 22,716. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.972 (972 males per 1,000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1,016 males to 1,000 females as of 2020.

Below are the key figures for Eritrea population in 2020:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2021

Eritrea population density

Eritrea population density is 30.6 people per square kilometer (79.2/mi2) as of February 2021. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Eritrea divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Eritrea. The total area of Eritrea is 117,600 km2 (45,406 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Religion in Eritrea

Religion Number of followers Percentage of
total population
Christianity2,270,77862.9 %
Islam1,321,31136.6 %
Folk or traditional religions14,4410.4 %
Religiously Unaffiliated3,6100.1 %

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Thursday, February 25 2021).

Eritrea age structure

As of the beginning of 2021 according to our estimates Eritrea had the following population age distribution:

42.1 54.3 3.6

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Eritrea population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Eritrea age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Eritrea is 84.3 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Eritrea must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 84.3 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Eritrea is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Eritrea is 77.6 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Eritrea is 6.7 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Eritrea age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Eritrea is 62.5 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations). external link

Male life expectancy at birth is 60.4 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 64.7 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 1,535,647 persons or 73.72% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Eritrea are able to read and write. Accordingly about 547,556 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 82.39% (837,211 persons). 178,896 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 65.45% (698,436 persons). 368,660 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 94.55% and 91.91% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 93.25%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Eritrea population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Eritrea historical population (1951 - 2021)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Eritrea population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
1951828,725N/A %
1952842,1681.62 %
1953857,1401.78 %
1954873,3961.90 %
1955890,8272.00 %
1956909,3502.08 %
1957929,0502.17 %
1958949,9002.24 %
1959972,0312.33 %
1960995,5282.42 %
19611,020,5592.51 %
19621,047,0162.59 %
19631,074,7912.65 %
19641,103,5862.68 %
19651,133,2932.69 %
19661,163,6582.68 %
19671,194,7192.67 %
19681,226,5572.66 %
19691,259,5152.69 %
19701,293,6782.71 %
19711,329,2122.75 %
19721,366,0872.77 %
19731,404,4292.81 %
19741,444,0332.82 %
19751,484,8822.83 %
19761,526,8242.82 %
19771,569,9792.83 %
19781,614,3822.83 %
19791,660,5452.86 %
19801,708,8132.91 %
19811,759,2002.95 %
19821,810,9062.94 %
19831,863,9112.93 %
19841,918,5802.93 %
19851,975,3572.96 %
19862,034,6233.00 %
19872,096,3693.03 %
19882,156,6732.88 %
19892,208,5632.41 %
19902,245,0101.65 %
19912,262,5340.78 %
19922,261,951-0.03 %
19932,248,034-0.62 %
19942,228,451-0.87 %
19952,211,273-0.77 %
19962,200,326-0.50 %
19972,195,824-0.20 %
19982,200,8620.23 %
19992,222,0530.96 %
20002,265,0631.94 %
20012,333,9053.04 %
20022,428,3274.05 %
20032,541,5084.66 %
20042,660,7154.69 %
20052,773,6704.25 %
20062,872,8073.57 %
20072,957,6962.95 %
20083,029,8422.44 %
20093,091,5862.04 %
20103,145,3861.74 %
20113,192,3821.49 %
20123,232,1351.25 %
20133,265,9071.04 %
20143,296,5720.94 %
20153,327,2600.93 %
20163,359,7800.98 %
20173,394,8751.04 %
20183,433,0091.12 %
20193,475,1391.23 %
20203,521,9071.35 %
20213,598,3682.17 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Population projection (2020-2100)

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
20205,432,210N/A %
20256,056,88611.50 %
20306,717,69210.91 %
20357,420,81610.47 %
20408,152,5399.86 %
20458,887,9919.02 %
20509,606,6678.09 %
205510,301,8867.24 %
206010,972,5926.51 %
206511,615,7545.86 %
207012,223,1945.23 %
207512,783,1604.58 %
208013,290,6203.97 %
208513,744,7763.42 %
209014,144,9602.91 %
209514,490,5122.44 %
210014,781,1982.01 %

The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link