Eritrea Population clock (live)

19-02-2019 15:57:51
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .



Quick facts about the population of Eritrea


Current population (as of Tuesday, February 19 2019)
5,649,252
Total area
117,600 km2 (45,406 mi2)
Population density
48.0 per km2 (124.4 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
0.97 (2,784,390 men to 2,865,099 women)
Median age
18.9 years
Life expectancy
62.5 years (60.4 - men, 64.7 - women)
Literacy
73.8 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)

Eritrea population 2019

During 2019 Eritrea population is projected to increased by 122,289 people and reach 5,755,124 in the beginning of 2020. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 158,621. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 36,332 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Eritrea to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2019

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Eritrea population in 2019 will be the following:

The population of Eritrea will be increased by 335 persons daily in 2019.

Demographics of Eritrea 2018

As of 1 January 2019, the population of Eritrea was estimated to be 5,632,835 people. This is an increase of 2.17 % (119,690 people) compared to population of 5,513,145 the year before. In 2018 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 155,250. Due to external migration, the population declined by 35,560. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.970 (970 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2018.

Below are the key figures for Eritrea population in 2018:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2019

Eritrea population density

Eritrea population density is 47.9 people per square kilometer (124.1/mi2) as of February 2019. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Eritrea divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Eritrea. The total area of Eritrea is 117,600 km2 (45,406 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Religion in Eritrea

Religion Number of followers Percentage of
total population
Christianity3,553,38062.9 %
Islam2,067,62636.6 %
Folk or traditional religions22,5970.4 %
Religiously Unaffiliated5,6490.1 %

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Tuesday, February 19 2019).

Eritrea age structure

As of the beginning of 2019 according to our estimates Eritrea had the following population age distribution:

42.1 54.3 3.6

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Eritrea population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Eritrea age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Eritrea is 84.3 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Eritrea must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 84.3 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Eritrea is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Eritrea is 77.6 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Eritrea is 6.7 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Eritrea age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Eritrea is 62.5 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 60.4 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 64.7 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 2,403,880 persons or 73.72% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Eritrea are able to read and write. Accordingly about 857,137 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 82.39% (1,310,559 persons). 280,041 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 65.45% (1,093,321 persons). 577,096 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 94.55% and 91.91% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 93.25%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Eritrea population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Eritrea historical population (1951 - 2019)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Eritrea population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19511,152,404N/A %
19521,173,6761.85 %
19531,196,4181.94 %
19541,220,5232.01 %
19551,245,9162.08 %
19561,272,5492.14 %
19571,300,4022.19 %
19581,329,4862.24 %
19591,359,8302.28 %
19601,391,4762.33 %
19611,424,4642.37 %
19621,458,8092.41 %
19631,494,4962.45 %
19641,531,4842.47 %
19651,569,7422.50 %
19661,609,2602.52 %
19671,650,0772.54 %
19681,692,3342.56 %
19691,736,2572.60 %
19701,782,0742.64 %
19711,829,9382.69 %
19721,879,9012.73 %
19731,931,9252.77 %
19741,985,9132.79 %
19752,041,7642.81 %
19762,099,3712.82 %
19772,158,7022.83 %
19782,219,9682.84 %
19792,283,5922.87 %
19802,349,9562.91 %
19812,418,7742.93 %
19822,489,3472.92 %
19832,561,8162.91 %
19842,637,1722.94 %
19852,716,1052.99 %
19862,799,8173.08 %
19872,888,5063.17 %
19882,977,0753.07 %
19893,055,6812.64 %
19903,115,0831.94 %
19913,149,8641.12 %
19923,160,6310.34 %
19933,155,714-0.16 %
19943,149,341-0.20 %
19953,155,9830.21 %
19963,183,3470.87 %
19973,231,6051.52 %
19983,298,9202.08 %
19993,383,4422.56 %
20003,482,4062.92 %
20013,595,0813.24 %
20023,721,7693.52 %
20033,858,4703.67 %
20043,996,6833.58 %
20054,128,1163.29 %
20064,247,8572.90 %
20074,355,3702.53 %
20084,453,4692.25 %
20094,547,0942.10 %
20104,641,6072.08 %
20114,739,6162.11 %
20124,840,9012.14 %
20134,945,5292.16 %
20145,054,6342.21 %
20155,169,1182.26 %
20165,281,3402.17 %
20175,395,9982.17 %
20185,513,1452.17 %
20195,632,8352.17 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Population projection (2020-2100)

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
20205,432,210N/A %
20256,056,88611.50 %
20306,717,69210.91 %
20357,420,81610.47 %
20408,152,5399.86 %
20458,887,9919.02 %
20509,606,6678.09 %
205510,301,8867.24 %
206010,972,5926.51 %
206511,615,7545.86 %
207012,223,1945.23 %
207512,783,1604.58 %
208013,290,6203.97 %
208513,744,7763.42 %
209014,144,9602.91 %
209514,490,5122.44 %
210014,781,1982.01 %

The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link