Estonia Population clock (live)

1,293,036
Current population
604,273
Current male population (46.7%)
688,763
Current female population (53.3%)
12,059
Births this year
5
Births today
13,361
Deaths this year
6
Deaths today
-2,010
Net migration this year
-1
Net migration today
-3,312
Population growth this year
-1
Population growth today

13-11-2019 02:07:51

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .



Quick facts about the population of Estonia

Current population (as of Wednesday, November 13, 2019)
1,293,037
Population rank
158 (0.02% of world population)
Total area
45,230 km2 (17,463 mi2)
Population density
28.6 per km2 (74.0 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
0.88 (604,273 men to 688,763 women)
Median age
41.6 years
Life expectancy
73.3 years (68.0 - men, 79.0 - women)
Literacy
99.8 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)

Estonia population 2019

During 2019 Estonia population is projected to decrease by -3,824 people and reach 1,292,524 in the beginning of 2020. The number of deaths will exceed the number of live births by 1,504, so the natural increase is expected to be negative. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 2,320 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Estonia to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2019

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Estonia population in 2019 will be the following:

The population of Estonia will be declining by 10 persons daily in 2019.

Demographics of Estonia 2018

As of 1 January 2019, the population of Estonia was estimated to be 1,296,348 people. This is a decrease of -0.30 % (-3,836 people) compared to population of 1,300,184 the year before. In 2018 the natural increase was negative, as the number of deaths exceeded the number of live births by 1,508. Due to external migration, the population declined by 2,327. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.880 (880 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2018.

Below are the key figures for Estonia population in 2018:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2019

Estonia population density

Estonia population density is 28.7 people per square kilometer (74.2/mi2) as of November 2019. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Estonia divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Estonia. The total area of Estonia is 45,230 km2 (17,463 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Religion in Estonia

Religion Number of followers Percentage of
total population
Religiously Unaffiliated771,94359.7 %
Christianity517,21540.0 %
Islam2,5860.2 %
Judaism1,2930.1 %

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Wednesday, November 13 2019).

Estonia age structure

As of the beginning of 2019 according to our estimates Estonia had the following population age distribution:

15.1 67.2 17.7

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Estonia population pyramid has a contracting type. This type of pyramid is more common for highly developed countries with low birth and death rates. Usually countries with such kind of population age distribution model have long life expectancy, high level of education and good health care.

Source: The estimation data for section "Estonia age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Estonia is 48.9 %.

The value of 48.9 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Estonia must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Estonia is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Estonia is 22.5 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Estonia is 26.4 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Estonia age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Estonia is 73.3 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations). external link

Male life expectancy at birth is 68 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 79 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 1,098,412 persons or 99.82% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Estonia are able to read and write. Accordingly about 1,928 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 99.85% (489,244 persons). 750 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 99.81% (609,168 persons). 1,178 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 99.96% and 99.97% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99.97%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Estonia population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Estonia historical population (1951 - 2019)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Estonia population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19511,107,123N/A %
19521,119,2461.10 %
19531,131,0761.06 %
19541,142,5621.02 %
19551,153,7280.98 %
19561,164,6720.95 %
19571,175,5650.94 %
19581,186,6450.94 %
19591,198,1910.97 %
19601,210,4741.03 %
19611,223,6761.09 %
19621,237,8101.16 %
19631,252,6691.20 %
19641,267,8551.21 %
19651,282,9541.19 %
19661,297,7311.15 %
19671,312,1551.11 %
19681,326,2491.07 %
19691,340,0341.04 %
19701,353,5451.01 %
19711,366,7860.98 %
19721,379,7180.95 %
19731,392,2980.91 %
19741,404,4950.88 %
19751,416,2810.84 %
19761,427,6390.80 %
19771,438,5670.77 %
19781,449,1180.73 %
19791,459,3890.71 %
19801,469,4780.69 %
19811,479,2130.66 %
19821,488,3210.62 %
19831,497,0970.59 %
19841,506,3810.62 %
19851,516,8750.70 %
19861,529,2950.82 %
19871,543,7000.94 %
19881,557,7830.91 %
19891,567,1650.60 %
19901,567,6860.03 %
19911,556,804-0.69 %
19921,534,583-1.43 %
19931,504,500-1.96 %
19941,472,633-2.12 %
19951,445,111-1.87 %
19961,425,431-1.36 %
19971,413,752-0.82 %
19981,408,053-0.40 %
19991,405,105-0.21 %
20001,401,483-0.26 %
20011,395,450-0.43 %
20021,387,245-0.59 %
20031,377,813-0.68 %
20041,368,220-0.70 %
20051,359,606-0.63 %
20061,352,516-0.52 %
20071,346,801-0.42 %
20081,342,087-0.35 %
20091,337,977-0.31 %
20101,334,051-0.29 %
20111,330,079-0.30 %
20121,326,054-0.30 %
20131,320,174-0.44 %
20141,315,819-0.33 %
20151,311,759-0.31 %
20161,307,889-0.30 %
20171,304,031-0.29 %
20181,300,184-0.30 %
20191,296,348-0.30 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Population projection (2020-2100)

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
20201,300,557N/A %
20251,280,130-1.57 %
20301,253,585-2.07 %
20351,225,006-2.28 %
20401,197,940-2.21 %
20451,171,952-2.17 %
20501,144,742-2.32 %
20551,115,455-2.56 %
20601,084,315-2.79 %
20651,052,258-2.96 %
20701,020,971-2.97 %
2075991,843-2.85 %
2080965,866-2.62 %
2085943,455-2.32 %
2090924,377-2.02 %
2095907,471-1.83 %
2100890,765-1.84 %

The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link