Iceland Population clock (live)

339,752
Current population
171,149
Current male population (50.4%)
168,603
Current female population (49.6%)
3,967
Births this year
13
Births today
1,851
Deaths this year
6
Deaths today
-67
Net migration this year
-0
Net migration today
2,049
Population growth this year
7
Population growth today

11-11-2019 23:25:32

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .



Quick facts about the population of Iceland

Current population (as of Monday, November 11, 2019)
339,745
Population rank
181 (0.00% of world population)
Total area
103,000 km2 (39,769 mi2)
Population density
3.3 per km2 (8.5 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
1.02 (171,149 men to 168,603 women)
Median age
36.0 years
Life expectancy
80.9 years (78.7 - men, 83.2 - women)

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)

Iceland population 2019

During 2019 Iceland population is projected to increase by 2,374 people and reach 340,077 in the beginning of 2020. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 2,452. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 78 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Iceland to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2019

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Iceland population in 2019 will be the following:

The population of Iceland will be increasing by 7 persons daily in 2019.

Demographics of Iceland 2018

As of 1 January 2019, the population of Iceland was estimated to be 337,703 people. This is an increase of 0.70 % (2,357 people) compared to population of 335,346 the year before. In 2018 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 2,435. Due to external migration, the population declined by 77. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.020 (1,020 males per 1 000 females) which is higher than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2018.

Below are the key figures for Iceland population in 2018:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2019

Iceland population density

Iceland population density is 3.3 people per square kilometer (8.5/mi2) as of November 2019. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Iceland divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Iceland. The total area of Iceland is 103,000 km2 (39,769 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Religion in Iceland

Religion Number of followers Percentage of
total population
Christianity322,75895.0 %
Religiously Unaffiliated11,8913.5 %
Folk or traditional religions1,6990.5 %
Buddhism1,3590.4 %
Hinduism1,0190.3 %
Islam6790.2 %
Other3400.1 %

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Monday, November 11 2019).

Iceland age structure

As of the beginning of 2019 according to our estimates Iceland had the following population age distribution:

20.2 67.1 12.7

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Iceland population pyramid has a stationary type. Countries with such type of pyramid usually have declining birth rate and relatively low death rate. Which is more common for developed countries.

Source: The estimation data for section "Iceland age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Iceland is 49 %.

The value of 49 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Iceland must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Iceland is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Iceland is 30.2 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Iceland is 18.9 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Iceland age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Iceland is 80.9 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations). external link

Male life expectancy at birth is 78.7 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 83.2 years.

Iceland historical population (1951 - 2019)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Iceland population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
1951143,792N/A %
1952146,3051.75 %
1953149,2302.00 %
1954152,4452.15 %
1955155,8472.23 %
1956159,3602.25 %
1957162,9292.24 %
1958166,5202.20 %
1959170,1192.16 %
1960173,7202.12 %
1961177,3132.07 %
1962180,8732.01 %
1963184,3481.92 %
1964187,6661.80 %
1965190,7641.65 %
1966193,5931.48 %
1967196,1461.32 %
1968198,4951.20 %
1969200,7881.16 %
1970203,1671.18 %
1971205,7211.26 %
1972208,4591.33 %
1973211,3001.36 %
1974214,0981.32 %
1975216,7121.22 %
1976219,0601.08 %
1977221,1520.95 %
1978223,0810.87 %
1979224,9960.86 %
1980227,0500.91 %
1981229,3261.00 %
1982231,8231.09 %
1983234,4911.15 %
1984237,2541.18 %
1985240,0291.17 %
1986242,7781.15 %
1987245,5061.12 %
1988248,2151.10 %
1989250,8911.08 %
1990253,5251.05 %
1991256,1091.02 %
1992258,6410.99 %
1993261,1390.97 %
1994263,6380.96 %
1995266,1740.96 %
1996268,7720.98 %
1997271,4440.99 %
1998274,1831.01 %
1999276,9721.02 %
2000279,7951.02 %
2001282,6261.01 %
2002285,4511.00 %
2003288,3451.01 %
2004291,4541.08 %
2005294,9151.19 %
2006298,8161.32 %
2007303,1511.45 %
2008307,7241.51 %
2009312,1851.45 %
2010316,1891.28 %
2011319,5361.06 %
2012322,2190.84 %
2013324,4000.68 %
2014326,3550.60 %
2015328,3720.62 %
2016330,6800.70 %
2017333,0050.70 %
2018335,3460.70 %
2019337,7030.70 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Population projection (2020-2100)

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
2020343,235N/A %
2025355,1813.48 %
2030365,6442.95 %
2035374,2952.37 %
2040381,1481.83 %
2045386,3471.36 %
2050390,0760.97 %
2055392,5320.63 %
2060394,1180.40 %
2065395,0600.24 %
2070395,2520.05 %
2075394,666-0.15 %
2080393,201-0.37 %
2085391,011-0.56 %
2090388,363-0.68 %
2095385,554-0.72 %
2100382,629-0.76 %

The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link