|Current male population (49.9%)|
|Current female population (50.1%)|
|Births year to date|
|Deaths year to date|
|Net migration year to date|
|Net migration today|
|Population growth year to date|
|Population growth today|
Please note that the population clock above does not reflect actual migration situation due to movement restrictions.
|Current population (as of Sunday, April 11, 2021)|
|51 (0.36% of world population)|
|587,040 km2 (226,657 mi2)|
|48.2 per km2 (124.9 people/mi2)|
|0.99 (14,112,455 men to 14,196,069 women)|
|63.6 years (61.6 - men, 65.7 - women)|
(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters based on the latest United Nations data)
According to our estimations, daily change rates of Madagascar population in 2021 will be the following:
As of 1 January 2021, the population of Madagascar was estimated to be 28,093,607 people. This is an increase of 2.79 % (761,473 people) compared to population of 27,332,134 the year before. In 2020 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 762,567. Due to external migration, the population declined by 1,093. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.994 (994 males per 1,000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1,016 males to 1,000 females as of 2020.
Below are the key figures for Madagascar population in 2020:
Madagascar population density is 47.9 people per square kilometer (123.9/mi2) as of April 2021. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Madagascar divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Madagascar. The total area of Madagascar is 587,040 km2 (226,657 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division .
|Religion||Number of followers||Percentage of
|Religiously Unaffiliated||1,981,563||7.0 %|
|Folk or traditional religions||1,273,862||4.5 %|
As of the beginning of 2021 according to our estimates Madagascar had the following population age distribution:
|- percentage of population under 15|
|- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old|
|- percentage of population 65+|
In absolute figures (estimate):
We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.
Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.
As we can see the Madagascar population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.
Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.
This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.
The total dependency ratio of population in Madagascar is 85.8 %.
As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Madagascar must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 85.8 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Madagascar is very high.
Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.
Child dependency ratio in Madagascar is 80.1 %.
Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.
Aged dependency ratio in Madagascar is 5.7 %.
Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.
Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Madagascar is 63.6 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).
Male life expectancy at birth is 61.6 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 65.7 years.
According to our estimates 10,330,246 persons or 64.65% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Madagascar are able to read and write. Accordingly about 5,647,712 adults are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult male population is 66.74% (5,267,691 persons). 2,624,927 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 62.61% (5,062,555 persons). 3,022,785 are illiterate.
Youth literacy rates are 65.36% and 64.78% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 65.07%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.
The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.
The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.
The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).