Mauritania Population clock (live)

4,757,165
Current population
2,390,922
Current male population (50.3%)
2,366,243
Current female population (49.7%)
75,343
Births year to date
445
Births today
17,927
Deaths year to date
106
Deaths today
-2,327
Net migration year to date
-14
Net migration today
55,089
Population growth year to date
325
Population growth today

21-06-2021 23:21:41

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

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Please note that the population clock above does not reflect actual migration situation due to movement restrictions.



Quick facts about the population of Mauritania

Current population (as of Monday, June 21, 2021)
4,756,840
Population rank
127 (0.06% of world population)
Total area
1,030,700 km2 (397,956 mi2)
Population density
4.6 per km2 (12.0 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
1.01 (2,390,922 men to 2,366,243 women)
Median age
19.7 years
Life expectancy
61.1 years (58.9 - men, 63.4 - women)
Literacy
52.1 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters based on the latest United Nations data)

Mauritania population 2021

During 2021 Mauritania population is projected to increase by 116,894 people and reach 4,818,970 in the beginning of 2022. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 121,831. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 4,937 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Mauritania to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2021

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Mauritania population in 2021 will be the following:

The population of Mauritania will be increasing by 320 persons daily in 2021.

Demographics of Mauritania 2020

As of 1 January 2021, the population of Mauritania was estimated to be 4,702,076 people. This is an increase of 2.49 % (114,058 people) compared to population of 4,588,018 the year before. In 2020 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 118,876. Due to external migration, the population declined by 4,817. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.010 (1,010 males per 1,000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1,016 males to 1,000 females as of 2020.

Below are the key figures for Mauritania population in 2020:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2021

Mauritania population density

Mauritania population density is 4.6 people per square kilometer (11.8/mi2) as of June 2021. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Mauritania divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Mauritania. The total area of Mauritania is 1,030,700 km2 (397,956 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Religion in Mauritania

Religion Number of followers Percentage of
total population
Islam4,714,02899.1 %
Folk or traditional religions23,7840.5 %
Christianity14,2710.3 %
Religiously Unaffiliated4,7570.1 %

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Monday, June 21 2021).

Mauritania age structure

As of the beginning of 2021 according to our estimates Mauritania had the following population age distribution:

40.4 56.2 3.5

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Mauritania population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Mauritania age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Mauritania is 78.1 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Mauritania must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 78.1 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Mauritania is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Mauritania is 71.9 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Mauritania is 6.1 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Mauritania age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Mauritania is 61.1 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations). external link

Male life expectancy at birth is 58.9 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 63.4 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 1,440,779 persons or 51.41% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Mauritania are able to read and write. Accordingly about 1,361,798 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 62.6% (820,660 persons). 490,278 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 41.57% (620,119 persons). 871,520 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 70.04% and 54.98% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 62.63%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Mauritania population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Mauritania historical population (1951 - 2021)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Mauritania population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
1951659,183N/A %
1952675,0172.40 %
1953691,8882.50 %
1954709,7582.58 %
1955728,6632.66 %
1956748,5792.73 %
1957769,5732.80 %
1958791,5382.85 %
1959814,4672.90 %
1960838,2892.92 %
1961863,0852.96 %
1962888,7452.97 %
1963915,3272.99 %
1964942,8453.01 %
1965971,4703.04 %
19661,001,1243.05 %
19671,031,8473.07 %
19681,063,5513.07 %
19691,096,3013.08 %
19701,129,9023.06 %
19711,164,3613.05 %
19721,199,6493.03 %
19731,235,9503.03 %
19741,273,1613.01 %
19751,311,3853.00 %
19761,350,5882.99 %
19771,390,9192.99 %
19781,432,2562.97 %
19791,474,7782.97 %
19801,518,5312.97 %
19811,563,7582.98 %
19821,610,2692.97 %
19831,657,9552.96 %
19841,706,4322.92 %
19851,755,5882.88 %
19861,805,0602.82 %
19871,854,9232.76 %
19881,905,2302.71 %
19891,956,3762.68 %
19902,008,3402.66 %
19912,061,3512.64 %
19922,115,4292.62 %
19932,170,8212.62 %
19942,227,2632.60 %
19952,284,8142.58 %
19962,343,4272.57 %
19972,403,4832.56 %
19982,465,1492.57 %
19992,529,1692.60 %
20002,596,0882.65 %
20012,666,6082.72 %
20022,740,5622.77 %
20032,817,9482.82 %
20042,898,4222.86 %
20052,982,0712.89 %
20063,068,4132.90 %
20073,157,5822.91 %
20083,249,6312.92 %
20093,345,2222.94 %
20103,444,2182.96 %
20113,546,8522.98 %
20123,652,8952.99 %
20133,762,4823.00 %
20143,874,6622.98 %
20153,989,0732.95 %
20164,105,2382.91 %
20174,223,5462.88 %
20184,343,4432.84 %
20194,465,0082.80 %
20204,588,0182.75 %
20214,702,0762.49 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Population projection (2020-2100)

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
20204,783,765N/A %
20255,416,70713.23 %
20306,076,67012.18 %
20356,766,32911.35 %
20407,482,40610.58 %
20458,218,2199.83 %
20508,964,9989.09 %
20559,713,3148.35 %
206010,457,0917.66 %
206511,190,5217.01 %
207011,907,8396.41 %
207512,602,9325.84 %
208013,269,9475.29 %
208513,902,6644.77 %
209014,489,6804.22 %
209515,029,5033.73 %
210015,518,9533.26 %

The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link