Nepal Population clock (live)

29,310,657
Current population
14,538,183
Current male population (49.6%)
14,772,474
Current female population (50.4%)
168,491
Births year to date
320
Births today
52,047
Deaths year to date
99
Deaths today
-21,573
Net migration year to date
-41
Net migration today
94,871
Population growth year to date
180
Population growth today

11-04-2021 03:34:05

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

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Please note that the population clock above does not reflect actual migration situation due to movement restrictions.



Quick facts about the population of Nepal

Current population (as of Sunday, April 11, 2021)
29,310,477
Population rank
49 (0.37% of world population)
Total area
147,180 km2 (56,827 mi2)
Population density
199.1 per km2 (515.8 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
0.98 (14,538,183 men to 14,772,474 women)
Median age
23.2 years
Life expectancy
66.2 years (64.9 - men, 67.4 - women)
Literacy
64.7 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters based on the latest United Nations data)

Nepal population 2021

During 2021 Nepal population is projected to increase by 345,623 people and reach 29,561,409 in the beginning of 2022. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 424,213. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 78,590 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Nepal to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2021

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Nepal population in 2021 will be the following:

The population of Nepal will be increasing by 947 persons daily in 2021.

Demographics of Nepal 2020

As of 1 January 2021, the population of Nepal was estimated to be 29,215,786 people. This is an increase of 1.18 % (341,582 people) compared to population of 28,874,204 the year before. In 2020 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 419,253. Due to external migration, the population declined by 77,672. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.984 (984 males per 1,000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1,016 males to 1,000 females as of 2020.

Below are the key figures for Nepal population in 2020:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2021

Nepal population density

Nepal population density is 198.5 people per square kilometer (514.1/mi2) as of April 2021. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Nepal divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Nepal. The total area of Nepal is 147,180 km2 (56,827 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Religion in Nepal

Religion Number of followers Percentage of
total population
Hinduism23,653,55580.7 %
Buddhism3,018,97910.3 %
Islam1,348,2824.6 %
Folk or traditional religions1,055,1773.6 %
Christianity146,5520.5 %
Religiously Unaffiliated87,9310.3 %

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Sunday, April 11 2021).

Nepal age structure

As of the beginning of 2021 according to our estimates Nepal had the following population age distribution:

34.6 61.1 4.4

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Nepal population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Nepal age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Nepal is 63.7 %.

What does this value mean? It shows that the dependent part of population is more than a half of the working part. It means that the working population (labor force) in Nepal must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons (this population is more than a half of working population). The value of more than 50% shows that the pressure on productive population in Nepal is relatively high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Nepal is 56.6 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Nepal is 7.1 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Nepal age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Nepal is 66.2 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations). external link

Male life expectancy at birth is 64.9 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 67.4 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 12,406,805 persons or 64.9% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Nepal are able to read and write. Accordingly about 6,708,792 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 75.58% (6,915,053 persons). 2,234,747 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 55.11% (5,491,752 persons). 4,474,045 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 92.59% and 87.39% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 89.88%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Nepal population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Nepal historical population (1951 - 2021)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Nepal population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19518,574,203N/A %
19528,749,6172.05 %
19538,917,6221.92 %
19549,079,9151.82 %
19559,238,7661.75 %
19569,395,5911.70 %
19579,552,2811.67 %
19589,709,0661.64 %
19599,866,7451.62 %
196010,025,5731.61 %
196110,186,8271.61 %
196210,350,8851.61 %
196310,519,5881.63 %
196410,694,7791.67 %
196510,879,2121.72 %
196611,073,5411.79 %
196711,278,6121.85 %
196811,494,0471.91 %
196911,720,2371.97 %
197011,955,6292.01 %
197112,200,3312.05 %
197212,454,2712.08 %
197312,718,7792.12 %
197412,992,8792.16 %
197513,277,0022.19 %
197613,570,7342.21 %
197713,875,2712.24 %
197814,189,4052.26 %
197914,513,6462.29 %
198014,847,5982.30 %
198115,193,2602.33 %
198215,549,8192.35 %
198315,916,5522.36 %
198416,290,0852.35 %
198516,669,4672.33 %
198617,050,5632.29 %
198717,433,2652.24 %
198817,823,3112.24 %
198918,234,6322.31 %
199018,677,1432.43 %
199119,157,5482.57 %
199219,673,3702.69 %
199320,216,4152.76 %
199420,767,7002.73 %
199521,310,6862.61 %
199621,834,6182.46 %
199722,339,5942.31 %
199822,823,2682.17 %
199923,285,7812.03 %
200023,726,7131.89 %
200124,145,7751.77 %
200224,537,9251.62 %
200324,904,7121.49 %
200425,251,0331.39 %
200525,583,2551.32 %
200625,906,9181.27 %
200726,225,9351.23 %
200826,525,3591.14 %
200926,775,9480.94 %
201026,948,9020.65 %
201127,027,3290.29 %
201227,015,048-0.05 %
201326,952,680-0.23 %
201426,911,344-0.15 %
201526,960,9560.18 %
201627,139,9100.66 %
201727,449,5731.14 %
201827,866,1001.52 %
201928,354,3221.75 %
202028,874,2041.83 %
202129,215,7861.18 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Population projection (2020-2100)

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
202030,260,246N/A %
202531,813,6005.13 %
203033,167,6134.26 %
203534,246,8863.25 %
204035,068,4362.40 %
204535,685,8741.76 %
205036,106,5791.18 %
205536,328,0470.61 %
206036,321,449-0.02 %
206536,073,649-0.68 %
207035,590,977-1.34 %
207534,882,200-1.99 %
208033,976,258-2.60 %
208532,907,948-3.14 %
209031,731,979-3.57 %
209530,514,809-3.84 %
210029,317,905-3.92 %

The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link