Nepal Population clock (live)

30,349,918
Current population
15,053,660
Current male population (49.6%)
15,296,258
Current female population (50.4%)
513,273
Births year to date
1,088
Births today
158,550
Deaths year to date
336
Deaths today
-65,717
Net migration year to date
-139
Net migration today
289,006
Population growth year to date
613
Population growth today

23-10-2020 14:05:22

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

COVID-19 Notice!

Please note that the population clock above do not include deaths caused by COVID-19 virus. And does not reflect actual migration situation due to movement restrictions.



Quick facts about the population of Nepal

Current population (as of Friday, October 23, 2020)
30,349,306
Population rank
49 (0.39% of world population)
Total area
147,180 km2 (56,827 mi2)
Population density
206.2 per km2 (534.1 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
0.98 (15,053,660 men to 15,296,258 women)
Median age
23.2 years
Life expectancy
66.2 years (64.9 - men, 67.4 - women)
Literacy
64.7 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)

Nepal population 2020

During 2020 Nepal population is projected to increase by 355,621 people and reach 30,416,533 in the beginning of 2021. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 436,484. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 80,864 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Nepal to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2020

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Nepal population in 2020 will be the following:

The population of Nepal will be increasing by 974 persons daily in 2020.

Demographics of Nepal 2019

As of 1 January 2020, the population of Nepal was estimated to be 30,060,912 people. This is an increase of 1.18 % (351,463 people) compared to population of 29,709,449 the year before. In 2019 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 431,381. Due to external migration, the population declined by 79,918. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.980 (980 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2019.

Below are the key figures for Nepal population in 2019:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2020

Nepal population density

Nepal population density is 204.2 people per square kilometer (529.0/mi2) as of October 2020. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Nepal divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Nepal. The total area of Nepal is 147,180 km2 (56,827 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Religion in Nepal

Religion Number of followers Percentage of
total population
Hinduism24,491,89080.7 %
Buddhism3,125,97910.3 %
Islam1,396,0684.6 %
Folk or traditional religions1,092,5753.6 %
Christianity151,7470.5 %
Religiously Unaffiliated91,0480.3 %

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Friday, October 23 2020).

Nepal age structure

As of the beginning of 2020 according to our estimates Nepal had the following population age distribution:

34.6 61.1 4.4

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Nepal population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Nepal age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Nepal is 63.7 %.

What does this value mean? It shows that the dependent part of population is more than a half of the working part. It means that the working population (labor force) in Nepal must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons (this population is more than a half of working population). The value of more than 50% shows that the pressure on productive population in Nepal is relatively high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Nepal is 56.6 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Nepal is 7.1 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Nepal age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Nepal is 66.2 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations). external link

Male life expectancy at birth is 64.9 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 67.4 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 12,765,697 persons or 64.9% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Nepal are able to read and write. Accordingly about 6,902,857 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 75.58% (7,115,084 persons). 2,299,392 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 55.11% (5,650,612 persons). 4,603,466 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 92.59% and 87.39% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 89.88%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Nepal population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Nepal historical population (1951 - 2020)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Nepal population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19518,570,449N/A %
19528,740,3001.98 %
19538,902,6191.86 %
19549,059,7761.77 %
19559,213,7551.70 %
19569,366,1491.65 %
19579,518,1581.62 %
19589,670,6261.60 %
19599,824,1111.59 %
19609,979,0531.58 %
196110,136,0491.57 %
196210,296,1071.58 %
196310,460,8241.60 %
196410,632,2871.64 %
196510,812,4971.69 %
196611,002,8391.76 %
196711,203,9061.83 %
196811,415,6361.89 %
196911,637,5231.94 %
197011,868,9441.99 %
197112,109,7142.03 %
197212,360,1202.07 %
197312,620,4072.11 %
197412,890,6382.14 %
197513,170,8682.17 %
197613,461,0792.20 %
197713,761,2232.23 %
197814,071,3582.25 %
197914,391,6492.28 %
198014,722,2182.30 %
198115,063,6912.32 %
198215,416,6572.34 %
198315,779,8792.36 %
198416,150,4322.35 %
198516,525,7262.32 %
198616,903,1472.28 %
198717,282,0492.24 %
198817,668,6882.24 %
198918,075,3362.30 %
199018,513,5612.42 %
199118,989,5052.57 %
199219,501,4462.70 %
199320,039,1292.76 %
199420,586,0542.73 %
199521,125,1632.62 %
199621,646,7202.47 %
199722,148,8912.32 %
199822,630,8722.18 %
199923,090,7752.03 %
200023,527,5991.89 %
200123,940,5431.76 %
200224,328,9551.62 %
200324,692,9351.50 %
200425,033,5151.38 %
200525,352,4891.27 %
200625,650,5961.18 %
200725,928,9821.09 %
200826,194,4011.02 %
200926,458,9251.01 %
201026,734,2881.04 %
201127,027,5741.10 %
201227,339,8761.16 %
201327,667,7481.20 %
201428,004,8531.22 %
201528,344,2121.21 %
201628,679,5241.18 %
201729,018,8031.18 %
201829,362,0951.18 %
201929,709,4491.18 %
202030,060,9121.18 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Population projection (2020-2100)

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
202030,260,246N/A %
202531,813,6005.13 %
203033,167,6134.26 %
203534,246,8863.25 %
204035,068,4362.40 %
204535,685,8741.76 %
205036,106,5791.18 %
205536,328,0470.61 %
206036,321,449-0.02 %
206536,073,649-0.68 %
207035,590,977-1.34 %
207534,882,200-1.99 %
208033,976,258-2.60 %
208532,907,948-3.14 %
209031,731,979-3.57 %
209530,514,809-3.84 %
210029,317,905-3.92 %

The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link