Peru Population clock (live)

33,230,155
Current population
16,652,047
Current male population (50.1%)
16,578,108
Current female population (49.9%)
584,049
Births this year
156
Births today
161,186
Deaths this year
43
Deaths today
-45,235
Net migration this year
-12
Net migration today
377,628
Population growth this year
101
Population growth today

15-11-2019 01:02:40

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .



Quick facts about the population of Peru

Current population (as of Friday, November 15, 2019)
33,230,054
Population rank
42 (0.43% of world population)
Total area
1,285,220 km2 (496,226 mi2)
Population density
25.9 per km2 (67.0 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
1.00 (16,652,047 men to 16,578,108 women)
Median age
27.5 years
Life expectancy
72.5 years (70.6 - men, 74.5 - women)
Literacy
94.5 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)

Peru population 2019

During 2019 Peru population is projected to increase by 433,325 people and reach 33,285,852 in the beginning of 2020. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 485,232. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 51,907 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Peru to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2019

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Peru population in 2019 will be the following:

The population of Peru will be increasing by 1,187 persons daily in 2019.

Demographics of Peru 2018

As of 1 January 2019, the population of Peru was estimated to be 32,852,527 people. This is an increase of 1.32 % (427,684 people) compared to population of 32,424,843 the year before. In 2018 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 478,915. Due to external migration, the population declined by 51,231. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.000 (1,000 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2018.

Below are the key figures for Peru population in 2018:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2019

Peru population density

Peru population density is 25.6 people per square kilometer (66.2/mi2) as of November 2019. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Peru divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Peru. The total area of Peru is 1,285,220 km2 (496,226 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Religion in Peru

Religion Number of followers Percentage of
total population
Christianity31,734,70295.5 %
Religiously Unaffiliated996,9023.0 %
Folk or traditional religions332,3011.0 %
Other99,6900.3 %
Buddhism66,4600.2 %

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Friday, November 15 2019).

Peru age structure

As of the beginning of 2019 according to our estimates Peru had the following population age distribution:

28.5 65.1 6.4

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Peru population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Peru age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Peru is 53.6 %.

What does this value mean? It shows that the dependent part of population is more than a half of the working part. It means that the working population (labor force) in Peru must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons (this population is more than a half of working population). The value of more than 50% shows that the pressure on productive population in Peru is relatively high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Peru is 43.8 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Peru is 9.8 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Peru age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Peru is 72.5 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations). external link

Male life expectancy at birth is 70.6 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 74.5 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 22,169,138 persons or 94.42% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Peru are able to read and write. Accordingly about 1,308,921 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 97.28% (11,146,844 persons). 311,789 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 91.7% (11,022,294 persons). 997,132 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 98.89% and 98.99% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 98.94%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Peru population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Peru historical population (1951 - 2019)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Peru population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19517,825,971N/A %
19528,026,3662.56 %
19538,234,4522.59 %
19548,450,0502.62 %
19558,673,2372.64 %
19568,904,3572.66 %
19579,144,0192.69 %
19589,393,0632.72 %
19599,652,4792.76 %
19609,923,2142.80 %
196110,205,8792.85 %
196210,500,4562.89 %
196310,806,1062.91 %
196411,121,2772.92 %
196511,444,3502.90 %
196611,774,5062.88 %
196712,111,7042.86 %
196812,455,7072.84 %
196912,805,8892.81 %
197013,161,7582.78 %
197113,522,7022.74 %
197213,888,4052.70 %
197314,260,0632.68 %
197414,640,2442.67 %
197515,031,3952.67 %
197615,434,9252.68 %
197715,850,6132.69 %
197816,276,2072.69 %
197916,707,9232.65 %
198017,141,9382.60 %
198117,575,8352.53 %
198218,009,1392.47 %
198318,443,0852.41 %
198418,880,0092.37 %
198519,322,2632.34 %
198619,770,6002.32 %
198720,223,9812.29 %
198820,680,8052.26 %
198921,139,3772.22 %
199021,597,7572.17 %
199122,054,8942.12 %
199222,510,0932.06 %
199322,960,6392.00 %
199423,401,7901.92 %
199523,829,0601.83 %
199624,239,9191.72 %
199724,634,2431.63 %
199825,013,5771.54 %
199925,380,5211.47 %
200025,738,0861.41 %
200126,088,1191.36 %
200226,431,4131.32 %
200326,769,6001.28 %
200427,105,4631.25 %
200527,441,7971.24 %
200627,780,1821.23 %
200728,121,3631.23 %
200828,467,4081.23 %
200928,821,8061.24 %
201029,187,6041.27 %
201129,566,7681.30 %
201229,959,3301.33 %
201330,362,1151.34 %
201430,769,3051.34 %
201531,174,9091.32 %
201631,586,1061.32 %
201732,002,7271.32 %
201832,424,8431.32 %
201932,852,5271.32 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Population projection (2020-2100)

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
202033,312,181N/A %
202535,130,7435.46 %
203036,806,7894.77 %
203538,298,8174.05 %
204039,606,0843.41 %
204540,719,5572.81 %
205041,620,3092.21 %
205542,301,8231.64 %
206042,772,0801.11 %
206543,041,2160.63 %
207043,124,1800.19 %
207543,037,106-0.20 %
208042,794,882-0.56 %
208542,426,995-0.86 %
209041,953,070-1.12 %
209541,401,846-1.31 %
210040,783,446-1.49 %

The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link