Russian Federation Population clock (live)

145,967,436
Current population
67,608,280
Current male population (46.3%)
78,359,156
Current female population (53.7%)
126,675
Births year to date
4,690
Births today
138,137
Deaths year to date
5,114
Deaths today
15,548
Net migration year to date
576
Net migration today
4,086
Population growth year to date
151
Population growth today

25-01-2021 21:08:45

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

COVID-19 Notice!

Please note that the population clock above do not include deaths caused by COVID-19 virus. And does not reflect actual migration situation due to movement restrictions.



Quick facts about the population of Russian Federation

Current population (as of Monday, January 25, 2021)
145,967,285
Population rank
9 (1.86% of world population)
Total area
17,125,426 km2 (6,612,165 mi2)
Population density
8.5 per km2 (22.1 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
0.86 (67,608,280 men to 78,359,156 women)
Median age
38.7 years
Life expectancy
66.3 years (59.8 - men, 73.2 - women)
Literacy
99.7 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters based on the latest United Nations data)

Russian Federation population 2021

During 2021 Russian Federation population is projected to increase by 59,845 people and reach 146,023,195 in the beginning of 2022. The number of deaths will exceed the number of live births by 167,858, so the natural increase is expected to be negative. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be increased by 227,703 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who move into Russian Federation (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants) will prevail over the number of people who leave the country to settle permanently in another country (emigrants).

Population change rates in 2021

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Russian Federation population in 2021 will be the following:

The population of Russian Federation will be increasing by 164 persons daily in 2021.

Demographics of Russian Federation 2020

As of 1 January 2021, the population of Russian Federation was estimated to be 145,963,350 people. This is an increase of 0.04 % (59,820 people) compared to population of 145,903,530 the year before. In 2020 the natural increase was negative, as the number of deaths exceeded the number of live births by 167,789. Due to external migration, the population increased by 227,610.The reason of additional increase of more than 2 millions people in 2014 is that Crimea has become de-facto a part of Russia. A census was held in Crimea during October 2014. Official results are not yet available but we can estimate the population of 2 294 110 in Crimea as of 1 of January 2015. This estimation based on preliminary census data, published by Statistical Department of Russia external link. The census was held in Crimea in October 2014

The sex ratio of the total population was 0.863 (863 males per 1,000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1,016 males to 1,000 females as of 2020.

Below are the key figures for Russian Federation population in 2020:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2021

Russian Federation population density

Russian Federation population density is 8.5 people per square kilometer (22.1/mi2) as of January 2021. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Russian Federation divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Russian Federation. The total area of Russian Federation is 17,125,426 km2 (6,612,165 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Religion in Russian Federation

Religion Number of followers Percentage of
total population
Christianity106,994,02073.3 %
Religiously Unaffiliated23,646,70016.2 %
Islam14,596,72910.0 %
Judaism291,9350.2 %
Folk or traditional religions291,9350.2 %
Buddhism145,9670.1 %

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Monday, January 25 2021).

Russian Federation age structure

As of the beginning of 2021 according to our estimates Russian Federation had the following population age distribution:

15.2 71.8 13

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Russian Federation population pyramid has a contracting type. This type of pyramid is more common for highly developed countries with low birth and death rates. Usually countries with such kind of population age distribution model have long life expectancy, high level of education and good health care.

Source: The estimation data for section "Russian Federation age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Russian Federation is 39.3 %.

The value of 39.3 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Russian Federation must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Russian Federation is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Russian Federation is 21.2 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Russian Federation is 18.1 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Russian Federation age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Russian Federation is 66.3 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations). external link

Male life expectancy at birth is 59.8 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 73.2 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 123,445,952 persons or 99.72% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Russian Federation are able to read and write. Accordingly about 345,566 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 99.73% (55,542,289 persons). 151,487 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 99.72% (67,903,663 persons). 194,079 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 99.66% and 99.75% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99.7%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Russian Federation population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Russian Federation historical population (1951 - 2021)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Russian Federation population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
1951103,557,863N/A %
1952105,140,4351.53 %
1953106,854,4321.63 %
1954108,639,3421.67 %
1955110,453,3771.67 %
1956112,259,7321.64 %
1957114,041,2871.59 %
1958115,775,1081.52 %
1959117,455,9281.45 %
1960119,078,1471.38 %
1961120,644,0951.32 %
1962122,137,0331.24 %
1963123,539,7901.15 %
1964124,823,9571.04 %
1965125,971,7750.92 %
1966126,964,2200.79 %
1967127,805,4600.66 %
1968128,525,4340.56 %
1969129,181,2680.51 %
1970129,825,7510.50 %
1971130,492,4900.51 %
1972131,187,1160.53 %
1973131,910,7070.55 %
1974132,657,1030.57 %
1975133,421,7340.58 %
1976134,202,7040.59 %
1977135,008,1380.60 %
1978135,840,0580.62 %
1979136,703,2200.64 %
1980137,598,7620.66 %
1981138,527,3620.67 %
1982139,478,1860.69 %
1983140,449,2320.70 %
1984141,439,8680.71 %
1985142,452,0720.72 %
1986143,480,5840.72 %
1987144,518,3810.72 %
1988145,525,8630.70 %
1989146,442,1990.63 %
1990147,200,4880.52 %
1991147,765,4800.38 %
1992148,132,8260.25 %
1993148,321,5120.13 %
1994148,361,4140.03 %
1995148,287,956-0.05 %
1996148,123,597-0.11 %
1997147,874,241-0.17 %
1998147,543,798-0.22 %
1999147,136,436-0.28 %
2000146,659,006-0.32 %
2001146,115,448-0.37 %
2002145,520,689-0.41 %
2003144,910,806-0.42 %
2004144,344,314-0.39 %
2005143,874,708-0.33 %
2006143,536,587-0.24 %
2007143,334,169-0.14 %
2008143,257,438-0.05 %
2009143,288,1550.02 %
2010143,403,7150.08 %
2011143,592,0700.13 %
2012143,849,2520.18 %
2013144,161,0350.22 %
2014144,496,5410.23 %
2015144,826,2640.23 %
2016145,131,0100.21 %
2017145,403,7790.19 %
2018145,632,9010.16 %
2019145,803,7150.12 %
2020145,903,5300.07 %
2021145,963,3500.04 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Population projection (2020-2100)

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
2020143,786,843N/A %
2025142,606,888-0.82 %
2030140,543,419-1.45 %
2035138,076,421-1.76 %
2040135,836,499-1.62 %
2045134,127,424-1.26 %
2050132,730,512-1.04 %
2055131,309,571-1.07 %
2060129,695,935-1.23 %
2065127,958,458-1.34 %
2070126,393,174-1.22 %
2075125,263,188-0.89 %
2080124,675,353-0.47 %
2085124,520,364-0.12 %
2090124,512,828-0.01 %
2095124,381,968-0.11 %
2100124,012,614-0.30 %

The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link