Sao Tome and Principe Population clock (live)

208,940
Current population
103,494
Current male population (49.5%)
105,446
Current female population (50.5%)
6,194
Births this year
3
Births today
1,263
Deaths this year
1
Deaths today
-1,102
Net migration this year
-1
Net migration today
3,829
Population growth this year
2
Population growth today

13-11-2019 03:02:47

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .



Quick facts about the population of Sao Tome and Principe

Current population (as of Wednesday, November 13, 2019)
208,938
Population rank
188 (0.00% of world population)
Total area
960 km2 (371 mi2)
Population density
217.6 per km2 (563.7 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
0.98 (103,494 men to 105,446 women)
Median age
18.1 years
Life expectancy
63.1 years (61.9 - men, 64.3 - women)
Literacy
74.9 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)

Sao Tome and Principe population 2019

During 2019 Sao Tome and Principe population is projected to increase by 4,420 people and reach 209,531 in the beginning of 2020. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 5,692. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 1,272 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Sao Tome and Principe to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2019

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Sao Tome and Principe population in 2019 will be the following:

The population of Sao Tome and Principe will be increasing by 12 persons daily in 2019.

Demographics of Sao Tome and Principe 2018

As of 1 January 2019, the population of Sao Tome and Principe was estimated to be 205,111 people. This is an increase of 2.16 % (4,327 people) compared to population of 200,784 the year before. In 2018 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 5,572. Due to external migration, the population declined by 1,245. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.980 (980 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2018.

Below are the key figures for Sao Tome and Principe population in 2018:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2019

Sao Tome and Principe population density

Sao Tome and Principe population density is 213.7 people per square kilometer (553.4/mi2) as of November 2019. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Sao Tome and Principe divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Sao Tome and Principe. The total area of Sao Tome and Principe is 960 km2 (371 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Religion in Sao Tome and Principe

Religion Number of followers Percentage of
total population
Christianity171,74782.2 %
Religiously Unaffiliated26,32612.6 %
Folk or traditional religions6,0592.9 %
Other4,8062.3 %

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Wednesday, November 13 2019).

Sao Tome and Principe age structure

As of the beginning of 2019 according to our estimates Sao Tome and Principe had the following population age distribution:

44.7 52.2 3.2

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Sao Tome and Principe population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Sao Tome and Principe age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Sao Tome and Principe is 91.7 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Sao Tome and Principe must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 91.7 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Sao Tome and Principe is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Sao Tome and Principe is 85.6 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Sao Tome and Principe is 6.1 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Sao Tome and Principe age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Sao Tome and Principe is 63.1 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations). external link

Male life expectancy at birth is 61.9 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 64.3 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 85,094 persons or 74.96% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Sao Tome and Principe are able to read and write. Accordingly about 28,419 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 81.8% (45,562 persons). 10,138 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 68.38% (39,532 persons). 18,281 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 84% and 82.28% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 83.15%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Sao Tome and Principe population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Sao Tome and Principe historical population (1951 - 2019)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Sao Tome and Principe population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
195159,602N/A %
195258,864-1.24 %
195358,344-0.88 %
195458,201-0.25 %
195558,5100.53 %
195659,2631.29 %
195760,3671.86 %
195861,6532.13 %
195962,8962.02 %
196063,8661.54 %
196164,4020.84 %
196264,4890.14 %
196364,305-0.29 %
196464,195-0.17 %
196564,5030.48 %
196665,4271.43 %
196766,9662.35 %
196868,9572.97 %
196971,1403.17 %
197073,2462.96 %
197175,1202.56 %
197276,7632.19 %
197378,2811.98 %
197479,8482.00 %
197581,6392.24 %
197683,7482.58 %
197786,1632.88 %
197888,7663.02 %
197991,3742.94 %
198093,8032.66 %
198195,9502.29 %
198297,8201.95 %
198399,4891.71 %
1984101,0781.60 %
1985102,7141.62 %
1986104,4611.70 %
1987106,3141.77 %
1988108,2661.84 %
1989110,3211.90 %
1990112,4741.95 %
1991114,7382.01 %
1992117,1232.08 %
1993119,5982.11 %
1994122,0842.08 %
1995124,5061.98 %
1996126,8201.86 %
1997129,0281.74 %
1998131,1971.68 %
1999133,4431.71 %
2000135,8831.83 %
2001138,5841.99 %
2002141,5442.14 %
2003144,7212.24 %
2004148,0452.30 %
2005151,4392.29 %
2006154,8652.26 %
2007158,3242.23 %
2008161,8302.21 %
2009165,3962.20 %
2010169,0382.20 %
2011172,7632.20 %
2012176,5652.20 %
2013180,4352.19 %
2014184,3642.18 %
2015188,3432.16 %
2016192,4022.16 %
2017196,5482.15 %
2018200,7842.16 %
2019205,1112.16 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Population projection (2020-2100)

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
2020218,019N/A %
2025242,28211.13 %
2030268,47010.81 %
2035295,86010.20 %
2040323,8019.44 %
2045351,8968.68 %
2050379,7587.92 %
2055407,3337.26 %
2060434,3506.63 %
2065460,7346.07 %
2070486,3405.56 %
2075510,9095.05 %
2080533,9964.52 %
2085555,3404.00 %
2090574,6593.48 %
2095591,9573.01 %
2100607,3472.60 %

The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link