Saudi Arabia Population clock (live)

35,465,812
Current population
19,583,512
Current male population (55.2%)
15,882,300
Current female population (44.8%)
111,447
Births year to date
517
Births today
18,138
Deaths year to date
84
Deaths today
30,497
Net migration year to date
141
Net migration today
123,806
Population growth year to date
574
Population growth today

25-02-2021 05:08:52

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

COVID-19 Notice!

Please note that the population clock above do not include deaths caused by COVID-19 virus. And does not reflect actual migration situation due to movement restrictions.



Quick facts about the population of Saudi Arabia

Current population (as of Thursday, February 25, 2021)
35,465,238
Population rank
41 (0.45% of world population)
Total area
2,149,690 km2 (830,000 mi2)
Population density
16.5 per km2 (42.7 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
1.23 (19,583,512 men to 15,882,300 women)
Median age
29.8 years
Life expectancy
74.1 years (72.2 - men, 76.2 - women)
Literacy
94.7 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters based on the latest United Nations data)

Saudi Arabia population 2021

During 2021 Saudi Arabia population is projected to increase by 817,814 people and reach 36,159,820 in the beginning of 2022. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 616,365. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be increased by 201,449 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who move into Saudi Arabia (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants) will prevail over the number of people who leave the country to settle permanently in another country (emigrants).

Population change rates in 2021

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Saudi Arabia population in 2021 will be the following:

The population of Saudi Arabia will be increasing by 2,241 persons daily in 2021.

Demographics of Saudi Arabia 2020

As of 1 January 2021, the population of Saudi Arabia was estimated to be 35,342,006 people. This is an increase of 2.31 % (799,318 people) compared to population of 34,542,688 the year before. In 2020 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 602,424. Due to external migration, the population increased by 196,893. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.233 (1,233 males per 1,000 females) which is higher than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1,016 males to 1,000 females as of 2020.

Below are the key figures for Saudi Arabia population in 2020:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2021

Saudi Arabia population density

Saudi Arabia population density is 16.4 people per square kilometer (42.6/mi2) as of February 2021. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Saudi Arabia divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Saudi Arabia. The total area of Saudi Arabia is 2,149,690 km2 (830,000 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Religion in Saudi Arabia

Religion Number of followers Percentage of
total population
Islam32,982,67193.0 %
Christianity1,560,4704.4 %
Hinduism390,1181.1 %
Religiously Unaffiliated248,2570.7 %
Folk or traditional religions106,3960.3 %
Buddhism106,3960.3 %
Other70,9300.2 %

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Thursday, February 25 2021).

Saudi Arabia age structure

As of the beginning of 2021 according to our estimates Saudi Arabia had the following population age distribution:

29.4 67.6 3

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Saudi Arabia population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Saudi Arabia age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Saudi Arabia is 47.9 %.

The value of 47.9 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Saudi Arabia must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Saudi Arabia is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Saudi Arabia is 43.6 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Saudi Arabia is 4.4 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Saudi Arabia age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Saudi Arabia is 74.1 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations). external link

Male life expectancy at birth is 72.2 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 76.2 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 23,541,880 persons or 94.41% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Saudi Arabia are able to read and write. Accordingly about 1,395,086 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 97% (13,623,364 persons). 421,196 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 91.06% (9,918,516 persons). 973,890 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 99.38% and 99.29% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99.34%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Saudi Arabia population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Saudi Arabia historical population (1951 - 2021)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Saudi Arabia population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19513,160,394N/A %
19523,241,4342.56 %
19533,328,5822.69 %
19543,419,1272.72 %
19553,511,7982.71 %
19563,606,0952.69 %
19573,703,0552.69 %
19583,803,8382.72 %
19593,910,8702.81 %
19604,026,4962.96 %
19614,153,2373.15 %
19624,291,4123.33 %
19634,440,2963.47 %
19644,597,3613.54 %
19654,761,1523.56 %
19664,930,1983.55 %
19675,105,9773.57 %
19685,291,9993.64 %
19695,494,7373.83 %
19705,719,1204.08 %
19715,969,5954.38 %
19726,247,6014.66 %
19736,553,7584.90 %
19746,884,6355.05 %
19757,238,5095.14 %
19767,612,2555.16 %
19778,006,9755.19 %
19788,429,0755.27 %
19798,894,4055.52 %
19809,416,2125.87 %
198110,004,1706.24 %
198210,653,0946.49 %
198311,347,9196.52 %
198412,061,9456.29 %
198512,771,7945.89 %
198613,459,3575.38 %
198714,122,5924.93 %
198814,759,5794.51 %
198915,370,6364.14 %
199015,952,3703.78 %
199116,505,4553.47 %
199217,029,0843.17 %
199317,524,9672.91 %
199417,990,7402.66 %
199518,428,3762.43 %
199618,837,3962.22 %
199719,222,0252.04 %
199819,596,7651.95 %
199919,990,6062.01 %
200020,430,4682.20 %
200120,935,4572.47 %
200221,506,4612.73 %
200322,133,6602.92 %
200422,796,5132.99 %
200523,477,2392.99 %
200624,160,0472.91 %
200724,844,2712.83 %
200825,538,4852.79 %
200926,262,4672.83 %
201027,029,1372.92 %
201127,848,0073.03 %
201228,713,6733.11 %
201329,607,1693.11 %
201430,487,8832.97 %
201531,320,4322.73 %
201632,082,5422.43 %
201732,775,0162.16 %
201833,404,4421.92 %
201933,987,9681.75 %
202034,542,6881.63 %
202135,342,0062.31 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Population projection (2020-2100)

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
202034,709,643N/A %
202537,290,3057.44 %
203039,480,3555.87 %
203541,317,4224.65 %
204042,777,6023.53 %
204544,026,5152.92 %
205045,056,3542.34 %
205545,790,6671.63 %
206046,184,5720.86 %
206546,272,4580.19 %
207046,160,342-0.24 %
207545,951,116-0.45 %
208045,698,646-0.55 %
208545,406,143-0.64 %
209045,043,760-0.80 %
209544,589,079-1.01 %
210044,028,707-1.26 %

The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link