Senegal Population clock (live)

17-01-2019 08:01:10
16,856,444
Current population
8,360,338
Current male population (49.6%)
8,496,106
Current female population (50.4%)
29,401
Births this year
675
Births today
4,954
Deaths this year
114
Deaths today
-1,072
Net migration this year
-25
Net migration today
23,374
Population growth this year
536
Population growth today

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Quick facts about the population of Senegal


Current population (as of Thursday, January 17 2019)
16,855,908
Total area
196,720 km2 (75,954 mi2)
Population density
85.7 per km2 (221.9 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
0.98 (8,360,338 men to 8,496,106 women)
Median age
18.3 years
Life expectancy
59.8 years (57.9 - men, 61.8 - women)
Literacy
55.7 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)

Senegal population 2019

During 2019 Senegal population is projected to increased by 520,984 people and reach 17,354,054 in the beginning of 2020. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 544,886. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 23,903 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Senegal to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2019

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Senegal population in 2019 will be the following:

The population of Senegal will be increased by 1,427 persons daily in 2019.

Demographics of Senegal 2018

As of 1 January 2019, the population of Senegal was estimated to be 16,833,070 people. This is an increase of 3.09 % (505,343 people) compared to population of 16,327,727 the year before. In 2018 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 528,529. Due to external migration, the population declined by 23,185. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.980 (980 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2018.

Below are the key figures for Senegal population in 2018:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2019

Senegal population density

Senegal population density is 85.6 people per square kilometer (221.6/mi2) as of January 2019. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Senegal divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Senegal. The total area of Senegal is 196,720 km2 (75,954 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Religion in Senegal

ReligionNumber of followersPercentage of total population
Islam16,249,09596.4
Christianity606,8133.6

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World’s Major Religious Groups as of 2010 external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Thursday, January 17 2019).

Senegal age structure

As of the beginning of 2019 according to our estimates Senegal had the following population age distribution:

43.3 53.9 2.9

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Senegal population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Senegal age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Senegal is 85.6 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Senegal must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 85.6 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Senegal is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Senegal is 80.3 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Senegal is 5.3 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Senegal age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Senegal is 59.8 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 57.9 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 61.8 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 5,291,241 persons or 55.41% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Senegal are able to read and write. Accordingly about 4,257,824 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 68.49% (3,069,525 persons). 1,412,449 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 43.85% (2,221,717 persons). 2,845,374 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 75.91% and 63.57% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 69.77%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Senegal population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Senegal historical population (1951 - 2019)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Senegal population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19512,503,169N/A %
19522,558,2582.20 %
19532,617,3862.31 %
19542,680,4972.41 %
19552,747,4972.50 %
19562,818,2522.58 %
19572,892,5882.64 %
19582,970,2972.69 %
19593,051,1522.72 %
19603,134,9492.75 %
19613,221,5592.76 %
19623,310,9902.78 %
19633,403,4202.79 %
19643,499,1792.81 %
19653,598,6242.84 %
19663,701,7882.87 %
19673,808,5262.88 %
19683,919,1992.91 %
19694,034,6892.95 %
19704,155,7593.00 %
19714,283,1273.06 %
19724,416,9213.12 %
19734,555,3603.13 %
19744,695,0003.07 %
19754,832,5572.93 %
19764,966,1702.76 %
19775,096,0812.62 %
19785,224,8792.53 %
19795,356,8722.53 %
19805,496,4752.61 %
19815,646,0962.72 %
19825,805,9012.83 %
19835,975,4722.92 %
19846,154,4112.99 %
19856,342,0823.05 %
19866,538,1053.09 %
19876,742,3713.12 %
19886,954,5483.15 %
19897,173,9593.15 %
19907,399,7903.15 %
19917,631,8803.14 %
19927,870,1483.12 %
19938,112,4423.08 %
19948,354,6422.99 %
19958,592,9412.85 %
19968,825,0922.70 %
19979,051,3112.56 %
19989,275,0542.47 %
19999,502,2822.45 %
20009,739,1102.49 %
20019,989,3282.57 %
200210,253,7682.65 %
200310,531,3892.71 %
200410,820,1682.74 %
200511,118,0052.75 %
200611,423,7122.75 %
200711,737,8302.75 %
200812,063,4672.77 %
200912,405,6642.84 %
201012,769,2082.93 %
201113,156,8973.04 %
201213,568,5563.13 %
201314,000,5753.18 %
201414,446,7993.19 %
201514,900,9153.14 %
201615,362,0983.09 %
201715,837,5553.10 %
201816,327,7273.09 %
201916,833,0703.09 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Population projection (2020-2100)

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
202017,200,158N/A %
202519,576,77713.82 %
203022,123,22013.01 %
203524,861,27312.38 %
204027,785,16511.76 %
204530,859,19111.06 %
205034,030,62510.28 %
205537,255,1409.48 %
206040,506,6838.73 %
206543,774,1948.07 %
207047,045,0647.47 %
207550,289,0066.90 %
208053,471,3076.33 %
208556,551,6545.76 %
209059,482,2375.18 %
209562,240,4624.64 %
210064,806,2664.12 %

The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link