Somalia Population clock (live)

17-01-2019 07:56:56
11,709,234
Current population
5,807,462
Current male population (49.6%)
5,901,772
Current female population (50.4%)
23,039
Births this year
525
Births today
6,501
Deaths this year
148
Deaths today
-4,124
Net migration this year
-94
Net migration today
12,414
Population growth this year
283
Population growth today

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Quick facts about the population of Somalia


Current population (as of Thursday, January 17 2019)
11,708,951
Total area
637,660 km2 (246,202 mi2)
Population density
18.4 per km2 (47.6 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
0.98 (5,807,462 men to 5,901,772 women)
Median age
16.5 years
Life expectancy
50.4 years (48.5 - men, 52.4 - women)

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)

Somalia population 2019

During 2019 Somalia population is projected to increased by 276,747 people and reach 11,973,567 in the beginning of 2020. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 368,684. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 91,937 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Somalia to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2019

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Somalia population in 2019 will be the following:

The population of Somalia will be increased by 758 persons daily in 2019.

Demographics of Somalia 2018

As of 1 January 2019, the population of Somalia was estimated to be 11,696,820 people. This is an increase of 2.37 % (270,350 people) compared to population of 11,426,470 the year before. In 2018 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 360,162. Due to external migration, the population declined by 89,812. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.980 (980 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2018.

Below are the key figures for Somalia population in 2018:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2019

Somalia population density

Somalia population density is 18.3 people per square kilometer (47.5/mi2) as of January 2019. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Somalia divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Somalia. The total area of Somalia is 637,660 km2 (246,202 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Religion in Somalia

ReligionNumber of followersPercentage of total population
Islam11,697,24299.9
Other11,7090.1

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World’s Major Religious Groups as of 2010 external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Thursday, January 17 2019).

Somalia age structure

As of the beginning of 2019 according to our estimates Somalia had the following population age distribution:

44.7 52.9 2.4

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Somalia population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Somalia age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Somalia is 89 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Somalia must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 89 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Somalia is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Somalia is 84.4 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Somalia is 4.5 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Somalia age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Somalia is 50.4 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 48.5 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 52.4 years.

Somalia historical population (1951 - 2019)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Somalia population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19512,285,829N/A %
19522,329,6941.92 %
19532,374,4391.92 %
19542,420,3221.93 %
19552,467,5531.95 %
19562,516,2991.98 %
19572,566,6732.00 %
19582,618,7492.03 %
19592,672,5662.06 %
19602,728,1462.08 %
19612,785,5322.10 %
19622,844,8142.13 %
19632,906,1522.16 %
19642,969,7672.19 %
19653,035,8662.23 %
19663,106,9012.34 %
19673,185,7452.54 %
19683,269,1782.62 %
19693,348,2632.42 %
19703,415,4172.01 %
19713,461,4941.35 %
19723,483,9320.65 %
19733,508,4110.70 %
19743,585,5502.20 %
19753,762,7644.94 %
19764,070,2968.17 %
19774,506,89310.73 %
19785,021,59911.42 %
19795,524,00510.00 %
19805,924,3347.25 %
19816,170,7194.16 %
19826,261,6341.47 %
19836,235,605-0.42 %
19846,156,462-1.27 %
19856,090,839-1.07 %
19866,075,574-0.25 %
19876,110,8150.58 %
19886,178,1191.10 %
19896,251,3941.19 %
19906,303,5360.83 %
19916,320,5730.27 %
19926,306,774-0.22 %
19936,281,631-0.40 %
19946,274,078-0.12 %
19956,312,6760.62 %
19966,413,6641.60 %
19976,576,8352.54 %
19986,788,5063.22 %
19997,026,3193.50 %
20007,266,9113.42 %
20017,497,7353.18 %
20027,718,6282.95 %
20037,933,1542.78 %
20048,145,0792.67 %
20058,358,9962.63 %
20068,576,9392.61 %
20078,797,9772.58 %
20089,020,8022.53 %
20099,244,7082.48 %
20109,469,2712.43 %
20119,694,1922.38 %
20129,920,1502.33 %
201310,150,8942.33 %
201410,392,8632.38 %
201510,652,3372.50 %
201610,904,3712.37 %
201711,162,3682.37 %
201811,426,4702.37 %
201911,696,8202.37 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Population projection (2020-2100)

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
202016,105,176N/A %
202518,665,85115.90 %
203021,535,01715.37 %
203524,699,61214.70 %
204028,145,90313.95 %
204531,869,27513.23 %
205035,851,79212.50 %
205540,049,53711.71 %
206044,409,57310.89 %
206548,875,77910.06 %
207053,406,1869.27 %
207557,953,0178.51 %
208062,459,8437.78 %
208566,868,0897.06 %
209071,126,6956.37 %
209575,171,0015.69 %
210078,971,9185.06 %

The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link