Spain Population clock (live)

45,637,696
Current population
22,543,800
Current male population (49.4%)
23,093,896
Current female population (50.6%)
345,552
Births year to date
776
Births today
327,345
Deaths year to date
735
Deaths today
-95,120
Net migration year to date
-214
Net migration today
-76,913
Population growth year to date
-173
Population growth today

23-10-2020 14:58:59

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

COVID-19 Notice!

Please note that the population clock above do not include deaths caused by COVID-19 virus. And does not reflect actual migration situation due to movement restrictions.



Quick facts about the population of Spain

Current population (as of Friday, October 23, 2020)
45,637,869
Population rank
32 (0.58% of world population)
Total area
505,370 km2 (195,124 mi2)
Population density
90.3 per km2 (233.9 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
0.98 (22,543,800 men to 23,093,896 women)
Median age
43.2 years
Life expectancy
81.2 years (78.2 - men, 84.4 - women)
Literacy
98.1 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)

Spain population 2020

During 2020 Spain population is projected to decrease by -94,629 people and reach 45,619,980 in the beginning of 2021. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 22,400. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 117,029 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Spain to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2020

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Spain population in 2020 will be the following:

The population of Spain will be declining by 259 persons daily in 2020.

Demographics of Spain 2019

As of 1 January 2020, the population of Spain was estimated to be 45,714,609 people. This is a decrease of -0.21 % (-94,826 people) compared to population of 45,809,435 the year before. In 2019 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 22,447. Due to external migration, the population declined by 117,272. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.980 (980 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2019.

Below are the key figures for Spain population in 2019:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2020

Spain population density

Spain population density is 90.5 people per square kilometer (234.3/mi2) as of October 2020. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Spain divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Spain. The total area of Spain is 505,370 km2 (195,124 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Religion in Spain

Religion Number of followers Percentage of
total population
Christianity35,917,00378.7 %
Religiously Unaffiliated8,716,83319.1 %
Islam958,3952.1 %
Judaism45,6380.1 %

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Friday, October 23 2020).

Spain age structure

As of the beginning of 2020 according to our estimates Spain had the following population age distribution:

15.1 67.7 17.1

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Spain population pyramid has a contracting type. This type of pyramid is more common for highly developed countries with low birth and death rates. Usually countries with such kind of population age distribution model have long life expectancy, high level of education and good health care.

Source: The estimation data for section "Spain age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Spain is 47.6 %.

The value of 47.6 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Spain must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Spain is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Spain is 22.4 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Spain is 25.3 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Spain age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Spain is 81.2 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations). external link

Male life expectancy at birth is 78.2 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 84.4 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 38,051,979 persons or 98.1% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Spain are able to read and write. Accordingly about 738,238 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 98.75% (18,755,779 persons). 238,184 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 97.47% (19,296,201 persons). 500,053 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 99.72% and 99.77% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99.74%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Spain population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Spain historical population (1951 - 2020)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Spain population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
195128,153,530N/A %
195228,333,8830.64 %
195328,536,1160.71 %
195428,753,9700.76 %
195528,983,2730.80 %
195629,221,9990.82 %
195729,470,2680.85 %
195829,730,1190.88 %
195930,005,0530.92 %
196030,298,8980.98 %
196130,614,0461.04 %
196230,949,7441.10 %
196331,300,9601.13 %
196431,659,0071.14 %
196532,015,3541.13 %
196632,364,4301.09 %
196732,705,3001.05 %
196833,042,5651.03 %
196933,384,8981.04 %
197033,740,9341.07 %
197134,114,4161.11 %
197234,503,3081.14 %
197334,902,8291.16 %
197435,307,0121.16 %
197535,709,2171.14 %
197636,105,7171.11 %
197736,494,8721.08 %
197836,871,4961.03 %
197937,226,4360.96 %
198037,551,0500.87 %
198137,840,5280.77 %
198238,094,3730.67 %
198338,314,0260.58 %
198438,501,8670.49 %
198538,661,2840.41 %
198638,794,3450.34 %
198738,902,6630.28 %
198838,991,7950.23 %
198939,071,3660.20 %
199039,151,0810.20 %
199139,239,5490.23 %
199239,342,2230.26 %
199339,457,9150.29 %
199439,580,0840.31 %
199539,703,0040.31 %
199639,821,5740.30 %
199739,937,5510.29 %
199840,073,9720.34 %
199940,272,1540.49 %
200040,571,1930.74 %
200140,990,1591.03 %
200241,523,0021.30 %
200342,145,3761.50 %
200442,821,2711.60 %
200543,511,0191.61 %
200644,196,3441.58 %
200744,873,7321.53 %
200845,513,2771.43 %
200946,056,1041.19 %
201046,448,3420.85 %
201146,654,9290.44 %
201246,672,7240.04 %
201346,546,123-0.27 %
201446,357,440-0.41 %
201546,190,708-0.36 %
201646,095,093-0.21 %
201745,999,676-0.21 %
201845,904,457-0.21 %
201945,809,435-0.21 %
202045,714,609-0.21 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Population projection (2020-2100)

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
202046,459,218N/A %
202546,306,823-0.33 %
203046,115,131-0.41 %
203545,860,815-0.55 %
204045,538,491-0.70 %
204545,079,686-1.01 %
205044,394,556-1.52 %
205543,437,294-2.16 %
206042,272,219-2.68 %
206541,025,202-2.95 %
207039,842,939-2.88 %
207538,858,207-2.47 %
208038,148,868-1.83 %
208537,666,646-1.26 %
209037,273,840-1.04 %
209536,859,898-1.11 %
210036,378,241-1.31 %

The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link