Sri Lanka Population clock (live)

21,168,246
Current population
10,444,065
Current male population (49.3%)
10,724,181
Current female population (50.7%)
271,698
Births this year
581
Births today
110,103
Deaths this year
235
Deaths today
-78,480
Net migration this year
-168
Net migration today
83,116
Population growth this year
178
Population growth today

14-10-2019 13:41:52

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .



Quick facts about the population of Sri Lanka

Current population (as of Monday, October 14, 2019)
21,168,068
Population rank
58 (0.27% of world population)
Total area
65,610 km2 (25,332 mi2)
Population density
322.6 per km2 (835.6 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
0.97 (10,444,065 men to 10,724,181 women)
Median age
32.3 years
Life expectancy
75.7 years (72.2 - men, 79.4 - women)
Literacy
92.6 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)

Sri Lanka population 2019

During 2019 Sri Lanka population is projected to increase by 105,847 people and reach 21,190,977 in the beginning of 2020. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 205,791. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 99,944 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Sri Lanka to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2019

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Sri Lanka population in 2019 will be the following:

The population of Sri Lanka will be increasing by 290 persons daily in 2019.

Demographics of Sri Lanka 2018

As of 1 January 2019, the population of Sri Lanka was estimated to be 21,085,130 people. This is an increase of 0.50 % (105,319 people) compared to population of 20,979,811 the year before. In 2018 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 204,763. Due to external migration, the population declined by 99,444. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.970 (970 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2018.

Below are the key figures for Sri Lanka population in 2018:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2019

Sri Lanka population density

Sri Lanka population density is 321.4 people per square kilometer (832.3/mi2) as of October 2019. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Sri Lanka divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Sri Lanka. The total area of Sri Lanka is 65,610 km2 (25,332 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Religion in Sri Lanka

Religion Number of followers Percentage of
total population
Buddhism14,669,47169.3 %
Hinduism2,878,85713.6 %
Islam2,074,4719.8 %
Christianity1,545,2697.3 %

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Monday, October 14 2019).

Sri Lanka age structure

As of the beginning of 2019 according to our estimates Sri Lanka had the following population age distribution:

24.9 67.2 7.9

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Sri Lanka population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Sri Lanka age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Sri Lanka is 48.8 %.

The value of 48.8 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Sri Lanka must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Sri Lanka is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Sri Lanka is 37.1 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Sri Lanka is 11.7 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Sri Lanka age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Sri Lanka is 75.7 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations). external link

Male life expectancy at birth is 72.2 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 79.4 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 14,663,620 persons or 92.64% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Sri Lanka are able to read and write. Accordingly about 1,165,410 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 93.63% (7,154,943 persons). 486,941 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 91.71% (7,508,677 persons). 678,469 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 98.36% and 99.17% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 98.76%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Sri Lanka population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Sri Lanka historical population (1951 - 2019)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Sri Lanka population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19518,138,658N/A %
19528,270,1441.62 %
19538,414,0161.74 %
19548,571,5171.87 %
19558,743,1632.00 %
19568,928,7262.12 %
19579,127,2362.22 %
19589,337,0512.30 %
19599,556,0132.35 %
19609,781,8292.36 %
196110,012,6532.36 %
196210,247,6622.35 %
196310,487,4312.34 %
196410,733,7262.35 %
196510,988,2332.37 %
196611,251,8142.40 %
196711,523,8022.42 %
196811,801,1472.41 %
196912,078,9412.35 %
197012,352,3712.26 %
197112,618,3512.15 %
197212,876,3022.04 %
197313,128,2291.96 %
197413,377,9671.90 %
197513,629,4301.88 %
197613,884,8001.87 %
197714,143,8171.87 %
197814,404,0551.84 %
197914,661,6941.79 %
198014,912,9311.71 %
198115,155,3501.63 %
198215,388,7291.54 %
198315,615,4951.47 %
198415,840,0101.44 %
198516,066,5631.43 %
198616,297,2531.44 %
198716,531,3611.44 %
198816,766,1211.42 %
198916,997,5181.38 %
199017,221,3011.32 %
199117,435,7901.25 %
199217,641,2781.18 %
199317,835,7831.10 %
199418,014,6821.00 %
199518,174,0130.88 %
199618,310,9830.75 %
199718,425,7770.63 %
199818,525,1860.54 %
199918,621,5950.52 %
200018,727,2940.57 %
200118,849,3060.65 %
200218,987,9660.74 %
200319,139,0490.80 %
200419,295,6570.82 %
200519,450,3440.80 %
200619,599,4120.77 %
200719,743,1170.73 %
200819,881,6850.70 %
200920,014,2130.67 %
201020,140,0930.63 %
201120,258,4930.59 %
201220,368,7680.54 %
201320,471,9110.51 %
201420,570,4750.48 %
201520,667,0010.47 %
201620,770,7490.50 %
201720,875,0180.50 %
201820,979,8110.50 %
201921,085,1300.50 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Population projection (2020-2100)

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
202021,084,040N/A %
202521,349,9481.26 %
203021,474,6990.58 %
203521,491,8880.08 %
204021,397,719-0.44 %
204521,165,075-1.09 %
205020,792,354-1.76 %
205520,325,949-2.24 %
206019,804,825-2.56 %
206519,255,945-2.77 %
207018,693,183-2.92 %
207518,113,574-3.10 %
208017,514,363-3.31 %
208516,899,523-3.51 %
209016,275,812-3.69 %
209515,650,840-3.84 %
210015,035,755-3.93 %

The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link