Tajikistan Population clock (live)

9,328,227
Current population
4,585,213
Current male population (49.2%)
4,743,014
Current female population (50.8%)
223,435
Births this year
481
Births today
41,030
Deaths this year
88
Deaths today
-21,019
Net migration this year
-45
Net migration today
161,386
Population growth this year
348
Population growth today

14-10-2019 13:48:56

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .



Quick facts about the population of Tajikistan

Current population (as of Monday, October 14, 2019)
9,327,879
Population rank
94 (0.12% of world population)
Total area
142,550 km2 (55,039 mi2)
Population density
65.4 per km2 (169.5 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
0.97 (4,585,213 men to 4,743,014 women)
Median age
22.4 years
Life expectancy
66.0 years (63.0 - men, 69.3 - women)
Literacy
99.8 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)

Tajikistan population 2019

During 2019 Tajikistan population is projected to increase by 205,521 people and reach 9,372,362 in the beginning of 2020. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 232,288. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 26,767 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Tajikistan to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2019

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Tajikistan population in 2019 will be the following:

The population of Tajikistan will be increasing by 563 persons daily in 2019.

Demographics of Tajikistan 2018

As of 1 January 2019, the population of Tajikistan was estimated to be 9,166,841 people. This is an increase of 2.24 % (201,014 people) compared to population of 8,965,827 the year before. In 2018 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 227,194. Due to external migration, the population declined by 26,180. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.970 (970 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2018.

Below are the key figures for Tajikistan population in 2018:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2019

Tajikistan population density

Tajikistan population density is 64.3 people per square kilometer (166.6/mi2) as of October 2019. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Tajikistan divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Tajikistan. The total area of Tajikistan is 142,550 km2 (55,039 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Religion in Tajikistan

Religion Number of followers Percentage of
total population
Islam9,029,38796.8 %
Christianity158,5741.7 %
Religiously Unaffiliated139,9181.5 %

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Monday, October 14 2019).

Tajikistan age structure

As of the beginning of 2019 according to our estimates Tajikistan had the following population age distribution:

33.9 62.7 3.4

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Tajikistan population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Tajikistan age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Tajikistan is 59.5 %.

What does this value mean? It shows that the dependent part of population is more than a half of the working part. It means that the working population (labor force) in Tajikistan must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons (this population is more than a half of working population). The value of more than 50% shows that the pressure on productive population in Tajikistan is relatively high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Tajikistan is 54.1 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Tajikistan is 5.4 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Tajikistan age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Tajikistan is 66 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations). external link

Male life expectancy at birth is 63 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 69.3 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 6,043,338 persons or 99.77% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Tajikistan are able to read and write. Accordingly about 13,743 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 99.83% (2,972,422 persons). 5,151 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 99.72% (3,070,916 persons). 8,592 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 99.86% and 99.89% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99.88%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Tajikistan population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Tajikistan historical population (1951 - 2019)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Tajikistan population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19511,553,978N/A %
19521,600,4982.99 %
19531,649,3303.05 %
19541,699,1613.02 %
19551,749,3542.95 %
19561,799,9712.89 %
19571,851,7682.88 %
19581,906,1162.93 %
19591,964,8373.08 %
19602,029,7873.31 %
19612,102,2243.57 %
19622,182,1853.80 %
19632,268,0753.94 %
19642,356,8963.92 %
19652,445,6233.76 %
19662,532,4923.55 %
19672,617,3943.35 %
19682,701,4573.21 %
19692,786,5513.15 %
19702,874,6143.16 %
19712,966,7713.21 %
19723,062,9993.24 %
19733,162,2443.24 %
19743,262,7953.18 %
19753,362,9823.07 %
19763,461,9352.94 %
19773,559,9062.83 %
19783,658,1932.76 %
19793,758,8082.75 %
19803,863,8172.79 %
19813,973,8732.85 %
19824,088,5142.88 %
19834,208,3492.93 %
19844,335,2593.02 %
19854,470,7163.12 %
19864,615,8013.25 %
19874,770,0833.34 %
19884,929,0403.33 %
19895,084,6013.16 %
19905,228,8312.84 %
19915,357,4202.46 %
19925,470,3812.11 %
19935,570,0021.82 %
19945,659,7041.61 %
19955,743,4711.48 %
19965,823,2771.39 %
19975,899,5021.31 %
19985,974,5441.27 %
19996,053,2171.32 %
20006,140,1391.44 %
20016,238,2831.60 %
20026,348,4661.77 %
20036,469,6951.91 %
20046,599,7502.01 %
20056,736,1422.07 %
20066,877,6112.10 %
20077,024,2942.13 %
20087,176,5472.17 %
20097,334,5162.20 %
20107,498,3282.23 %
20117,667,8112.26 %
20127,842,4272.28 %
20138,021,4122.28 %
20148,203,8672.27 %
20158,388,8482.25 %
20168,576,9262.24 %
20178,769,2212.24 %
20188,965,8272.24 %
20199,166,8412.24 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Population projection (2020-2100)

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
20209,475,256N/A %
202510,360,3559.34 %
203011,194,4108.05 %
203512,022,9237.40 %
204012,876,0757.10 %
204513,727,8026.61 %
205014,521,2905.78 %
205515,233,3354.90 %
206015,873,9214.21 %
206516,466,4403.73 %
207017,015,3823.33 %
207517,506,4062.89 %
208017,921,6132.37 %
208518,262,8451.90 %
209018,541,0571.52 %
209518,764,7751.21 %
210018,928,2270.87 %

The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link