Zimbabwe Population clock (live)

15,236,558
Current population
7,515,551
Current male population (49.3%)
7,721,007
Current female population (50.7%)
256,234
Births year to date
1,404
Births today
78,568
Deaths year to date
431
Deaths today
-21,098
Net migration year to date
-116
Net migration today
156,568
Population growth year to date
858
Population growth today

21-06-2021 21:37:04

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

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Please note that the population clock above does not reflect actual migration situation due to movement restrictions.



Quick facts about the population of Zimbabwe

Current population (as of Monday, June 21, 2021)
15,235,700
Population rank
74 (0.19% of world population)
Total area
390,760 km2 (150,873 mi2)
Population density
39.0 per km2 (101.0 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
0.97 (7,515,551 men to 7,721,007 women)
Median age
19.0 years
Life expectancy
49.6 years (49.9 - men, 49.3 - women)
Literacy
86.5 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters based on the latest United Nations data)

Zimbabwe population 2021

During 2021 Zimbabwe population is projected to increase by 332,363 people and reach 15,412,353 in the beginning of 2022. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 377,151. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 44,788 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Zimbabwe to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2021

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Zimbabwe population in 2021 will be the following:

The population of Zimbabwe will be increasing by 911 persons daily in 2021.

Demographics of Zimbabwe 2020

As of 1 January 2021, the population of Zimbabwe was estimated to be 15,079,990 people. This is an increase of 2.20 % (325,196 people) compared to population of 14,754,794 the year before. In 2020 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 369,017. Due to external migration, the population declined by 43,822. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.973 (973 males per 1,000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1,016 males to 1,000 females as of 2020.

Below are the key figures for Zimbabwe population in 2020:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2021

Zimbabwe population density

Zimbabwe population density is 38.6 people per square kilometer (100.0/mi2) as of June 2021. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Zimbabwe divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Zimbabwe. The total area of Zimbabwe is 390,760 km2 (150,873 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Religion in Zimbabwe

Religion Number of followers Percentage of
total population
Christianity13,255,05987.0 %
Religiously Unaffiliated1,203,6207.9 %
Folk or traditional religions578,9573.8 %
Islam137,1210.9 %
Other60,9430.4 %

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Monday, June 21 2021).

Zimbabwe age structure

As of the beginning of 2021 according to our estimates Zimbabwe had the following population age distribution:

41.9 54.3 3.8

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Zimbabwe population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Zimbabwe age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Zimbabwe is 84.1 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Zimbabwe must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 84.1 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Zimbabwe is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Zimbabwe is 77.1 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Zimbabwe is 7 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Zimbabwe age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Zimbabwe is 49.6 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations). external link

Male life expectancy at birth is 49.9 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 49.3 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 7,572,185 persons or 86.4% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Zimbabwe are able to read and write. Accordingly about 1,192,305 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 88.53% (3,598,177 persons). 466,182 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 84.55% (3,974,008 persons). 726,123 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 89.96% and 93.49% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 91.73%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Zimbabwe population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Zimbabwe historical population (1951 - 2021)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Zimbabwe population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19512,789,901N/A %
19522,877,3893.14 %
19532,969,2363.19 %
19543,064,6183.21 %
19553,163,4453.22 %
19563,265,5703.23 %
19573,371,6193.25 %
19583,481,5793.26 %
19593,596,1503.29 %
19603,715,7603.33 %
19613,841,3863.38 %
19623,972,6753.42 %
19634,109,5413.45 %
19644,251,1843.45 %
19654,397,6263.44 %
19664,547,8843.42 %
19674,702,2263.39 %
19684,861,3063.38 %
19695,027,3103.41 %
19705,201,0503.46 %
19715,383,9163.52 %
19725,575,9843.57 %
19735,776,6573.60 %
19745,982,2543.56 %
19756,190,3353.48 %
19766,398,7913.37 %
19776,608,5603.28 %
19786,822,1353.23 %
19797,045,7893.28 %
19807,285,0053.40 %
19817,543,2033.54 %
19827,818,0723.64 %
19838,107,7113.70 %
19848,409,3433.72 %
19858,721,1693.71 %
19869,040,1463.66 %
19879,365,0203.59 %
19889,689,0453.46 %
198910,002,7433.24 %
199010,294,2752.91 %
199110,557,7302.56 %
199210,791,3592.21 %
199310,997,4331.91 %
199411,177,9581.64 %
199511,336,8491.42 %
199611,476,3251.23 %
199711,597,6951.06 %
199811,700,5520.89 %
199911,785,2110.72 %
200011,852,2630.57 %
200111,902,8680.43 %
200211,939,2240.31 %
200311,968,3710.24 %
200412,001,1680.27 %
200512,048,5370.39 %
200612,116,4200.56 %
200712,206,1210.74 %
200812,318,0740.92 %
200912,453,8641.10 %
201012,613,0481.28 %
201112,796,8331.46 %
201213,005,3391.63 %
201313,233,7301.76 %
201413,469,5151.78 %
201513,701,6131.72 %
201613,923,0791.62 %
201714,134,3161.52 %
201814,338,5371.44 %
201914,542,9921.43 %
202014,754,7941.46 %
202115,079,9902.20 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Population projection (2020-2100)

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
202017,680,457N/A %
202519,571,15210.69 %
203021,526,8589.99 %
203523,556,0299.43 %
204025,625,9768.79 %
204527,678,3218.01 %
205029,658,7527.16 %
205531,516,7216.26 %
206033,226,2215.42 %
206534,774,9814.66 %
207036,164,1693.99 %
207537,386,6063.38 %
208038,425,1142.78 %
208539,274,6142.21 %
209039,930,1781.67 %
209540,397,6101.17 %
210040,687,1060.72 %

The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link